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Publication numberCN1271758 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 00115746
Publication dateNov 1, 2000
Filing dateMay 18, 2000
Priority dateMay 18, 2000
Publication number00115746.9, CN 00115746, CN 1271758 A, CN 1271758A, CN-A-1271758, CN00115746, CN00115746.9, CN1271758 A, CN1271758A
Inventors高铁
Applicant上海维安热电材料有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Additive of efficient far infrared powder and its preparing process
CN 1271758 A
Abstract
An additive of efficient far infrared powder is prepared from natural inorganic ore (70-100 wt.%), alkali metal, transition metal, their oxides, or non-metal compound (0-30 wt.%) and rare-earth oxide(0-5 wt.%). Its advantages are high far infrared radiation coefficient at ordinary temp. widely available raw materials, simple process, and low cost.
Claims(7)  translated from Chinese
1.一种高效远红外功能粉添加剂,其特征在于,它的配方如下(重量百分数):天然无机矿物70~100%,碱金属、过渡金属或碱金属、过渡金属氧化物、或非金属化合物0~30%,稀土氧化物0~5%。 An efficient far-infrared functional powder additives, characterized in that it has the following formulation (percent by weight): natural inorganic mineral 70 to 100%, alkali metal, transition metal or an alkali metal, transition metal oxide, or a non-metallic compound 0 to 30%, 0 to 5% rare earth oxides.
2.根据权利要求1所述的高效远红外功能粉添加剂,其特征在于,所述的天然无机矿物以含铝、硅氧化物为主,也存在有其它金属氧化物及各种复合氧化物,它选自以下矿石的一种或几种:莫来石、堇青石、萤石、方解石、明矾石、水晶石、煤矸石、电气石、绿泥石、凹凸棒石、硅石、金红石、钛铁矿石、滑石、硅灰石、海泡石、麦饭石、冰洲石、白云石、蒙脱石、沸石、累托石、腊石、长石、透辉石、透闪石、独君石、伟晶石、花岗岩石、美酒玉石及高岭土、瓷土、铝土矿、白垩土、云母、硅藻土、膨润土。 According to claim efficient far-infrared functional powder additive 1, characterized in that said natural inorganic minerals containing aluminum, silicon oxide-based, there are also a variety of other metal oxides and complex oxides, It is selected from one or more of the following minerals: mullite, cordierite, fluorite, calcite, alunite, crystal stone, coal gangue, tourmaline, chlorite, attapulgite, silica, rutile, ilmenite ore, talc, wollastonite, sepiolite, stone, calcite, dolomite, montmorillonite, zeolite, rectories, wax, feldspar, diopside, tremolite, alone Jun Stone, Wei spar, granite, jade wine and kaolin, clay, bauxite, chalk, mica, diatomaceous earth, bentonite.
3.根据权利要求1所述的高效远红外功能粉添加剂,其特征在于,所述的碱金属、过渡金属或碱金属、过渡金属氧化物选自Sr、W、Mo、V、Pt、Zr、Fe、Ti、Mo、Ni、Ta、Ag、Co元素或其氧化物的一种或几种。 According to claim efficient far-infrared functional powder additive 1, wherein said alkali metal, transition metal or an alkali metal, transition metal oxide is selected from Sr, W, Mo, V, Pt, Zr, one or more of Fe, Ti, Mo, Ni, Ta, Ag, Co element or an oxide thereof.
4.根据权利要求1所述的高效远红外功能粉添加剂,其特征在于,所述的非金属化合物选自C、N、F、O、B族元素氧化物、碳化物、氮化物、氟化物、硼化物中的一种或几种。 According to claim efficient far-infrared functional powder additive 1, wherein said non-metal compound is selected from C, N, F, O, B element oxides, carbides, nitrides, fluorides , boride of one or more.
5.根据权利要求1所述的高效远红外功能粉添加剂,其特征在于,所述的稀土氧化物选自Sc、Y以及La系元素氧化物的一种或几种。 5. The far-infrared functional efficiency claim 1, wherein the additive powder, wherein said rare earth oxide is selected from one or more of Sc, Y and La series elements oxides.
6.一种高效远红外功能粉添加剂的制备工艺,其特征在于,它包括以下工艺步骤:首先将各组原料进行粉碎,然后按天然无机矿物70~100%(重量),碱金属、过渡金属或碱金属、过渡金属氧化物、或非金属氧化物0~30%(重量),稀土氧化物0~5%(重量)的配比进行选配料,再将该料混合后进行煅烧,最后将煅烧好的混合料进一步细磨粉碎得到;所述的煅烧温度为350~1350℃,所述的煅烧时间为0.5~5小时。 6. A process for preparing a highly far infrared functional powder additives, characterized in that it comprises the following process steps: First, the raw material of each group was pulverized, and then press natural inorganic mineral 70 to 100% (by weight), alkali metals, transition metals or an alkali metal, transition metal oxide, or a nonmetal oxide 0 to 30% (by weight), rare earth oxide 0 to 5% (by weight) ratio of the ingredients were selected, and then the material is calcined after mixing, and finally Good calcined mixture further finely pulverized to obtain; the calcination temperature is 350 ~ 1350 ℃, the calcination time is 0.5 to 5 hours.
7.根据权利要求6所述的高效远红外功能粉添加剂的制备工艺,其特征在于,所述的的稀土氧化物可以在煅烧活化时由稀土金属与氧直接燃烧得到,或者采用加热稀土元素的氢氧化物、碳酸盐、氮化物、草酸盐来制得。 7. The preparation process according to claim efficient far-infrared functional powder additive 6, characterized in that said rare earth oxide upon calcination may be activated by a rare earth metal obtained by direct combustion with oxygen, or by heating a rare earth element hydroxides, carbonates, nitrides, oxalate to prepare.
Description  translated from Chinese
一种高效远红外功能粉添加剂及其制备工艺 An efficient and far-infrared functional additive powder preparation process

本发明涉及一种高效远红外辐射功能粉添加剂组合物及其制备工艺。 The present invention relates to an efficient function of far-infrared radiation powder additive composition and preparation process.

现有的远红外功能材料及其制备,大都采用经加工处理过的化工原料,通过混料、真空热压或高温绕结的方法得到。 Existing far-infrared functional material and its preparation, mostly using treated processed chemicals, obtained by mixing, vacuum hot pressing or methods around the junction. 其热处理煅烧是为了促使其晶型转变来提高红外性能。 Calcining heat treatment in order to facilitate their crystal transformation to improve IR performance. 该制备工艺对原材料成份以及处理温度、时间及气氛条件都要求严格,成本较高,用该工艺制得的产品在常温下的远红外辐射率较低。 The preparation process of the raw material ingredients and processing temperature, time and atmosphere conditions are demanding, high cost, low technology with the product obtained at room temperature, the far-infrared radiation rate.

本发明的目的就是为了克服上述现有技术存在的缺陷而提供一种常温下远红外辐射率高、原材料来源广、成本较低的高效远红外功能粉添加剂及其制备工艺。 The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art and to provide a high far-infrared radiation at room temperature under a wide source of raw materials, low-cost and efficient function of far infrared powder additives and preparation processes.

本发明的目的可以通过以下技术方案来实现:一种高效远红外功能粉添加剂,它的配方如下(重量百分数):天然无机矿物70~100%,碱金属、过渡金属或碱金属、过渡金属氧化物、或非金属化合物0~30%,稀土氧化物0~5%。 Object of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions: An Efficient far-infrared functional powder additives, which are formulated as follows (percentage by weight): natural inorganic mineral 70 to 100%, alkali metal, transition metal or an alkali metal, a transition metal oxide thereof, or a non-metallic compound, 0 to 30% 0 to 5% rare earth oxides.

所述的天然无机矿物以含铝、硅氧化物为主,也存在有其它金属氧化物及各种复合氧化物,它选自以下矿石的一种或几种:莫来石、堇青石、萤石、方解石、明矾石、水晶石、煤矸石、电气石、绿泥石、凹凸棒石、硅石、金红石、钛铁矿石、滑石、硅灰石、海泡石、麦饭石、冰洲石、白云石、蒙脱石、沸石、累托石、腊石、长石、透辉石、透闪石、独君石、伟晶石、花岗岩石、美酒玉石及高岭土、瓷土、铝土矿、白垩土、云母、硅藻土、膨润土。 The natural inorganic minerals containing aluminum, silicon oxide-based, there are also a variety of other metal oxides and complex oxides, it is selected from one or more of the following minerals: mullite, cordierite, firefly stone, calcite, alunite, crystal stone, coal gangue, tourmaline, chlorite, attapulgite, silica, rutile, ilmenite, talc, wollastonite, sepiolite, stone, Iceland spar , dolomite, montmorillonite, zeolite, rectories, wax, feldspar, diopside, tremolite, alone Jun Shi, Wei spar, granite, jade wine and kaolin, clay, bauxite, chalk, mica, diatomite, bentonite.

所述的碱金属、过渡金属或碱金属、过渡金属氧化物选自Sr、W、Mo、V、Pt、Zr、Fe、Ti、Mo、Ni、Ta、Ag、Co元素或其氧化物的一种或几种。 Wherein the alkali metal, transition metal or an alkali metal, transition metal oxide is selected from Sr, W, Mo, V, Pt, Zr, Fe, Ti, Mo, Ni, Ta, Ag, Co or oxides of one element species or several.

所述的非金属化合物选自C、N、F、O、B族元素氧化物、碳化物、氮化物、氟化物、硼化物中的一种或几种。 Non-metallic compound is selected from C, N, F, O, B element oxides, carbides, nitrides, fluorides, borides of one or several.

所述的稀土氧化物选自Sc、Y以及La系元素氧化物的一种或几种。 Rare earth oxide is selected from one or more of Sc, Y and La series elements oxides.

一种高效远红外功能粉添加剂的制备工艺,它包括以下工艺步骤:首先将各组原料进行粉碎,然后按天然无机矿物70~100%(重量),碱金属、过渡金属或碱金属、过渡金属氧化物、或非金属氧化物0~30%(重量),稀土氧化物0~5%(重量)的配比进行选配料,再将该料混合后进行煅烧,最后将煅烧好的混合料进一步细磨粉碎得到;所述的煅烧温度为350~1350℃,所述的煅烧时间为0.5~5小时。 An Efficient Preparation of far infrared functional powder additives, which comprises the following process steps: First, the raw material of each group was pulverized, and then press natural inorganic mineral 70 to 100% (by weight), an alkali metal, transition metal or an alkali metal, a transition metal oxide, or a nonmetal oxide 0 to 30% (by weight), rare earth oxide 0 to 5% (by weight) ratio of the ingredients were selected, and then the material is calcined after mixing, the final mixture is further calcined good finely pulverized to obtain; the calcination temperature is 350 ~ 1350 ℃, the calcination time is 0.5 to 5 hours.

所述的的稀土氧化物可以在煅烧活化时由稀土金属与氧直接燃烧得到,或者采用加热稀土元素的氢氧化物、碳酸盐、氮化物、草酸盐来制得。 Said rare earth oxide can be directly obtained when incinerating combustion is activated by a rare earth metal and oxygen, or by heating the rare earth element hydroxide, carbonate, nitride, oxalate to prepare.

与传统的人造远红外粉,即利用现有技术制造的产品相比,本发明的远红外功能粉作为功能性添加剂使用,其常温的远红外辐射率可高达90%以上,且原材料主要源自天然矿物,产品的性能价格比优于人造远红外粉。 With the traditional artificial far infrared powder, namely the use of existing technology to produce the products, compared far-infrared functional powder of the present invention as a functional additive, far infrared radiation rate it at room temperature can be as high as 90%, and raw materials, mainly from natural mineral products, superior performance and low cost artificial far infrared powder.

作为远红外功能粉添加剂使用,它在常温下具有远红外辐射功能,所发出的4~14μm的远红外线与人体所能吸收利用的波长相匹配,它辐射出的远红外线具一定的穿透力和高的辐射率,被人体吸收后有明显的温热效应,它可以促进人体血液循环和改善新陈代谢机能,具有良好的理疗保健作用。 As far-infrared functional powder additive, it has far-infrared radiation function at room temperature, 4 ~ 14μm far infrared body can absorb and utilize the wavelength emitted matches, it radiates far-infrared with a certain penetration and high emissivity, after being absorbed by the body has obvious thermal effects, which can promote blood circulation and improve metabolic function, with good physical health effects.

本发明通过选配无机矿物原料并粉碎加工后,针对不同的原材料配方,可以选用亦可不用后续的如同人造远红外陶瓷粉制造的高温热处理工艺,使得到的相应粒径尺寸的粉体,具有常温(20℃~50℃)的远红外辐射功能,其选材范围广泛,加工处理工艺简单、煅烧无需特殊气氛保护,加工成本较低。 The invention after optional inorganic mineral raw materials and crushed processing, raw material for different recipes, you can use can not follow the high-temperature heat treatment process as artificial far infrared ceramic powder manufacturing, so that the corresponding particle size of the powder obtained with at room temperature (20 ℃ ~ 50 ℃) of far-infrared radiation function, its wide range of materials, simple processing technology, the calcination atmosphere without special protection, lower processing costs.

粉碎处理采用机械粉碎法,粗碎一般用颚式破碎机,中碎采用对辊粉碎机、细碎设备可选择雷兹磨、回转球磨机、干式振动磨、气流粉碎机等手段加工处理。 Pulverized by mechanical grinding method is generally used crushing jaw crusher, roller crusher broken using, choose Alvarez mill crushing equipment, rotary ball mill, dry vibration mill, jet mill and other means of processing. 对于应用到远红外功能纤维中的粉末添加剂,需要再经过湿式粉碎才能得到符合要求的粉体粒径,湿式粉碎可采用湿式振动磨、砂磨机、湿式搅拌球磨机等设备完成。 For powder additive applied to the far-infrared functional fiber, you need to go through to get wet grinding powder particle size to meet the requirements, wet grinding and a wet vibration mill, sand mill, wet grinding ball mill and other equipment to complete.

鉴于原料构成的不同组分对4~14μm的远红外辐射的贡献不同,在后续的活化处理工艺中需要考虑到,部分组分的相变温度较低,结构发生破坏后就保证不了性能的发挥,因而结合不同的原材料,有必要分别处理不同温度、不同煅烧时间后,再混合均匀后使用,可以保证在4~14μm的宽范围内实现高的远红外辐射率,而对某些原料,煅烧是不可忽视的一道工序,通过促进原料的晶型转变,获得性能优良的晶型,并提高其远红外特性。 In view of the different components of the raw material constituting the contribution of 4 ~ 14μm far-infrared radiation is different, in the subsequent activation treatment process needs to be considered, the lower part of the phase transition temperature of the components, occurring after the destruction of the structure can not guarantee the performance of the play thus a combination of different raw materials, it is necessary to account for the different temperatures, after different calcination time, and then mixed well before use, can guarantee high far-infrared radiation rate over a wide range of 4 ~ 14μm, and for some raw materials, calcining a process can not be ignored, by promoting crystal transformation of raw materials, crystal obtained excellent performance and increase its far-infrared properties.

下面将结合实施例,对本发明作进一步说明。 Below in connection with embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

实施例1 Example 1

选用含铁量高的电气石100公斤,经机械粉碎至325目(如有特殊应用需要,还可粉碎更细至0.1μm),再选配优质麦饭石30公斤,云母1.5公斤,将两者粉碎至与电气石相同目数的细粉,再将三者混料后煅烧处理,温度不超过500℃,时间在1.5小时以内,经处理后用干法球磨均匀,即得到所需产品。 Selection of high iron content of tourmaline 100 kg, by mechanical crushing to 325 mesh (if any special application needs, but also to smash finer 0.1μm), and then matching high-quality medical stone 30 kg, 1.5 kg of mica, the two were crushed to a fine powder and tourmaline same mesh size, and then mixing the three post-calcination treatment, the temperature does not exceed 500 ℃, time within 1.5 hours, even after treatment by a dry ball milling, to obtain the desired product.

实施例2选配优质宝石级电气石80公斤,经机械粉碎至325目(如有特殊应用需要,还可粉碎更细至0.1μm)后待用;再选配独君石材料5公斤,将其粉碎至与电气石相同目数,然后在1250℃下进行煅烧处理3.5~4.5小时,再进行球磨粉碎,粒度目数不低于处理前,再将处理后的粉料与上述电气石粉料混合球磨均匀后得到产品。 Example 2 after matching gem-quality tourmaline 80 kg, by mechanical crushing to 325 mesh (if any special application needs, but also crushed finer to 0.1μm) stand; then matching stone materials alone Jun 5 kg, the pulverized to a size and tourmaline same mesh, then calcined at 1250 ℃ processing 3.5 to 4.5 hours, then ball milling, the particle size mesh of not less than pre-treatment, and then treatment of the powder is mixed with said tourmaline powder to give the product even after milling.

实施例3选配优质硅藻土50公斤,麦饭石30公斤,将以上两者加工成325目细粉,再添加氧化铈135克,干式混合均匀后,放入氧化性气氛炉中加热至1150℃,经3.5小时后炉内冷却至室温,取出后球磨粉碎均匀后即得产品。 Example 3 50 kg matching high-quality diatomaceous earth, stone 30 kg, will process more than 325 heads of both into a fine powder, then add 135 g of cerium oxide, after the dry mix evenly into oxidizing atmosphere furnace heating to 1150 ℃, after 3.5 hours after the furnace was cooled to room temperature, after ball milling even after removing the products.

实施例4选配优质沸石45公斤,堇青石20公斤,将二者分别粉碎至325目(如有特殊应用需要,还可粉碎更细至0.1μm)后混合,再加入400目ZrO2粉1公斤,干式混合均匀后,放入炉中加热至1300℃,保温4.5小时,开炉冷却至室温,再进行粉碎均匀后即得产品。 Example 4 45 kg matching high-quality zeolite, cordierite 20 kg, the two were pulverized to 325 mesh (if required for special applications, but also pulverized finer to 0.1μm) mixing, then add 400 mesh ZrO2 powder 1 kg After the dry mix, placed in an oven heated to 1300 ℃, holding 4.5 hours, furnace cooled to room temperature, then smash even after the products.

实施例5选用优质滑石35公斤,再加入金红石10公斤,将两者混合磨碎至325目细粉,然后加入400目碳化硅(SiC)粉8公斤,放入球磨罐内混合均匀,再放入加热炉中,处理温度选在1280℃,时间为5小时,之后炉内冷却至室温,取出后粉碎混合均匀即得产品。 Example 5 35 kg talc of high quality, then add 10 kg of rutile, mixing the two ground to 325 mesh powder, followed by addition of 400 mesh silicon carbide (SiC) powder 8 kg, a ball mill into mixing tank, add into the furnace, the processing temperature election in 1280 ℃, time was 5 hours, after which the furnace was cooled to room temperature, after removing the crushing mix derived products.

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Classifications
International ClassificationA61N5/06, C09K11/77
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