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Publication numberCN105555504 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201380078825
PCT numberPCT/US2013/051594
Publication dateMay 4, 2016
Filing dateJul 23, 2013
Priority dateJul 23, 2013
Also published asUS20160159551, WO2015012803A1
Publication number201380078825.9, CN 105555504 A, CN 105555504A, CN 201380078825, CN-A-105555504, CN105555504 A, CN105555504A, CN201380078825, CN201380078825.9, PCT/2013/51594, PCT/US/13/051594, PCT/US/13/51594, PCT/US/2013/051594, PCT/US/2013/51594, PCT/US13/051594, PCT/US13/51594, PCT/US13051594, PCT/US1351594, PCT/US2013/051594, PCT/US2013/51594, PCT/US2013051594, PCT/US201351594
InventorsA宋, MK玛尼昂, 其他发明人请求不公开姓名
Applicant英派尔科技开发有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Packaging materials and methods for their preparation and use
CN 105555504 A
Abstract
The application discloses packaging materials and methods for their preparation and use. According to the invention, food packaging and methods of making and using such packaging are disclosed. Food packaging having at least one agent may be disposed within a shape memory polymer which is adapted to release the agent in response to a stimulus. Such packaging may be used, for example, to detect environmental conditions during transport or storage, maintain a temperature of the food to preserve food quality, or provide a pleasant sensory experience to a consumer.
Claims(87)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种包装,包括: 布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放所述作用剂。 1. A package comprising: a shape memory polymer is disposed in the at least one agent, wherein the shape memory polymer is adapted to release in response to stimulation of the agent.
2. 如权利要求1所述的包装,其中所述作用剂以猝发释放方式从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 2. The package of claim 1, wherein said release agent in the burst mode is released from the shape memory polymer.
3. 如权利要求错误! Claim wrong! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括冷却剂、芳香剂、 加热剂、可视指示剂或辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合。 Reference source not found on the package, wherein said agent comprises cooling agents, fragrances, heating agent, a visual indicator or aids, antibacterial agents, drugs, agents, or a combination thereof is formed noise.
4. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐、在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐、精油、加压二氧化碳或其组合。 4. The error claim! Reference source not found on the package, wherein said agent comprises dissolved in water in an exothermic reaction to occur salt, dissolved in water in an endothermic reaction to occur salts, essential oils, pressurized carbon dioxide, or combinations thereof.
5. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐,所述盐从如下选出:硝酸铵、氯化锂、氯化钾、亚硝酸铵、硫氰酸钾、 硫氰酸铵、碘化钾、氯化铵、亚硝酸钠、硝酸钠、醋酸钠、碳酸钠、氯化钠、硫酸钠、硫代硫酸钠、磷酸钠、尿素、木糖醇、山梨醇、甘油、唾液淀粉酶、脂肪酶、麦芽糖醇、蔗糖、葡萄糖、甘露糖、糖、碳水化合物及其组合。 5. If the error is not a reference to the source of the claim package to find, wherein the agent comprises dissolved in water can occur endothermic reaction of salt, the salt is selected from the following:! Ammonium nitrate, lithium chloride, potassium chloride, ammonium nitrite, potassium thiocyanate, ammonium thiocyanate, potassium iodide, ammonium chloride, sodium nitrite, sodium nitrate, sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium sulfate, sodium thiosulfate, phosphate sodium, urea, xylitol, sorbitol, glycerol, salivary amylase, lipase, maltitol, sucrose, glucose, mannitol, sugars, carbohydrates, and combinations thereof.
6. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐,所述盐从如下中选出:氯化锂、氯化镁、碳酸钾、硫酸镁、硫酸钙、氯化钙、氧化钙、氯化铝、硫酸铝、硫酸铝钾、及其组合。 6. Error claim unreferenced source of the package to find, wherein the agent comprises dissolved in water can occur exothermic reaction, said salt selected from the following:! Lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium carbonate, magnesium sulfate, calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, calcium oxide, aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, potassium aluminum sulfate, and combinations thereof.
7. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂包括从如下选出的精油:琼脂油、香旱芹油,当归根油,大茴香油,阿魏,香脂油,罗勒油,月桂油,香柠檬油,黑胡椒精油,布枯油,桦树油,樟脑,大麻花精油,葛缕子油,小豆蔻籽油,胡萝卜籽油,雪松油,甘菊油,菖蒲根,肉桂油,岩蔷薇油,香茅油,鼠尾草油,丁香油,芫荽油,咖啡,芫荽,艾菊油,木香,蔓越莓籽油,荜澄茄,枯茗油,柏树,干膜莎草,咖喱叶,印蒿油,莳萝油,土木香,桉树油, 小茴香子油,胡芦巴油,冷杉,乳香油,高良姜,白松香,天竺葵油,姜油,秋麒麟草,葡萄柚油,指甲花油,蜡菊,柠檬烯,山核桃油,辣根油,牛膝草,爱达荷州艾菊,茉莉油,杜松子油, 薰衣草油,柠檬油,柠檬香茅,青柠,山苍子油,柑橘,马郁兰,白千层,茶树油,蜜蜂花油,薄荷油,山香薄荷,芥子油,艾蒿油,没药油,桃金娘,印楝油,橙花,肉豆蔻,橙油,牛至油,鸢尾油,帕洛圣,欧芹油,广藿香油,紫苏精油,海地油,椒薄荷油,橙叶,松油,罗文沙叶,铅笔柏, 罗马甘菊,玫瑰油,玫瑰果油,迷迭香油,玫瑰木油,鼠尾草油,黄樟油,香薄荷油,檀香油,五味子油,绿薄荷油,甘松,云杉,八角油,红橘,龙蒿油,百里香油,铁杉,郁金,缬草,香根草油,ω -3油,亚麻籽油,鱼油,牛油,桐油,香蕉油,西部铅笔柏,冬青,蓍草油,依兰,莪术、及其任意组合。 7. Error claim unreferenced source of the package to find, wherein the agent comprises essential oils selected from the following:! Agar oil, fragrant celery oil, angelica root oil, anise oil, ferulic, fragrant fat , basil oil, bay oil, bergamot oil, black pepper oil, dry cloth oil, birch oil, camphor, cannabis oil, caraway oil, cardamom seed oil, carrot seed oil, cedar oil, chamomile oil, iris root, cinnamon oil, cistus oil, citronella oil, sage oil, clove oil, coriander oil, coffee, coriander, rosemary oil, wood, cranberry seed oil, cubeb, cumin oil, cypress, dry sedge, curry leaves, Artemisia Indian oil, dill oil, civil incense, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, fenugreek oil, fir, frankincense oil, galangal, white rosin, geranium oil, ginger oil , goldenrod, grapefruit oil, henna oil, helichrysum, limonene, pecan oil, horseradish oil, hyssop, Idaho tansy, jasmine oil, juniper berry oil, lavender oil, lemon oil, lemon grass, lime, cubeba oil, citrus, marjoram, melaleuca, tea tree oil, lemon balm oil, mint oil, mountain savory, mustard oil, wormwood oil, myrrh oil, myrtle, neem oil, neroli, nutmeg, orange oil, oregano oil, iris oil, Palo St., parsley oil, patchouli oil, perilla oil, Haiti oil, peppermint oil, orange leaves, pine oil, sand Rowan leaves, Sabina, Roman chamomile, rose oil, rose hip oil, rosemary oil, rosewood oil, sage oil, sassafras oil, fragrant oil, sandalwood oil, Schisandra oil, spearmint oil, nard, spruce, anise oil, red orange, tarragon, thyme oil, hemlock, turmeric, valerian, vetiver oil, ω -3 oil, flaxseed oil, fish oil, tallow, tung oil, banana oil, west pencil cedar, wintergreen, yarrow oil, ylang ylang, Curcuma, and any combination thereof.
8. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括肉桂酸, 淀粉,聚醚聚氨酯基质,三苯甲烷无色衍生物,偶氮苯,生物聚合物,聚(2-甲基-2-恶唑啉), 聚(倍半硅氧烷),高冲击性聚苯乙烯,交联的聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙6接枝共聚物,反式聚异戊二烯,交联的乙烯-乙酸乙烯酯共聚物,苯乙烯基聚合物,丙烯酸酯基聚合物,聚降冰片烯,交联的聚环辛烯,环氧基聚合物,硫代烯基聚合物,嵌段聚氨酯,嵌段聚氨酯离聚物,聚(3-羟基链烷酸酯),包含十二烷二酸或癸二酸单体和胆汁酸基聚酯的共聚物、或其组合。 8. The wrong claims! Reference source not found the package, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises cinnamic acid, starch, polyether polyurethane matrix, colorless triphenylmethane derivatives, azobenzene, biopolymers, poly (2-methyl-2-oxazoline), poly (silsesquioxane), high impact polystyrene, polyethylene, and cross-linked polyethylene / nylon 6 graft copolymer, trans-polyisoprene pentadiene, crosslinked ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer, a styrene-based polymer, an acrylate based polymer, polynorbornene, crosslinked poly cyclooctenyl, epoxy polymers, an alkenyl thio group polymer, segmented polyurethane, segmented polyurethane ionomer, poly (3-hydroxyalkanoate) containing sebacic acid, dodecanedioic acid or bile acid monomers and polyester-based copolymers, or a combination thereof .
9. 如权利要求错误! 9. Error claim! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括可食聚合物。 Reference source not found the package, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises edible polymer.
10. 如权利要求错误! 10. Error claim! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物具有约100%至约1000%的形状恢复比率。 Reference source not found the package, wherein the shape memory polymer having about 100% to about 1000% shape recovery ratio.
11. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述刺激包括温度升高、温度下降、紫外线(UV)光曝光、红外线(IR)光曝光、磁场改变、pH变化、离子浓度变化、水浓度变化、 电场变化或其组合。 Claim 11. Error! Reference source not found on the package, wherein the stimulation comprises a temperature increase, temperature decrease, an ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, infrared (IR) light exposure, magnetic field changes, pH changes, ion concentration changes, changes in water concentration, change in electric field, or combinations thereof.
12. 如权利要求错误! 12. Error claim! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于所述刺激而经历形状变化以释放所述作用剂。 Reference source not found on the package, wherein the shape memory polymer is adapted in response to the stimuli undergo shape change to release the agent.
13. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化是可逆的。 13. The package of claim 12, wherein the shape change is reversible.
14. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化从平坦形状到卷曲形状。 14. The package of claim 12, wherein the shape change from the flat shape to a curved shape.
15. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化从管状形状到螺旋形状。 15. The package of claim 12, wherein the shape change from a tubular shape to a spiral shape.
16. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化从卷曲形状到平坦形状。 16. The package of claim 12, wherein the shape change from the flat shape to a curved shape.
17. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化从螺旋形状到管状形状。 17. The package of claim 12, wherein the shape change from a spiral shape to a tubular shape.
18. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化是响应于所述刺激从闭合构造到打开构造。 18. The package of claim 12, wherein the shape change in response to stimuli from the closed configuration to an open configuration.
19. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的收缩。 19. The package of claim 12, wherein the contraction of the shape change of the shape memory polymer.
20. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的至少部分的破裂。 20. The package of claim 12, wherein the shape change of the shape memory polymer is broken at least part.
21. 如权利要求12所述的包装,其中所述形状变化使得包含所述作用剂的胶囊破裂,所述胶囊由所述形状记忆聚合物形成。 21. The package of claim 12, wherein the shape change such that the capsule comprises rupture agent, the said capsule is formed from a shape memory polymer.
22. 如权利要求错误! 22. Error claim! 未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物涂有密封剂。 Reference source not found the package, wherein the shape memory polymer is coated with a sealant.
23. 如权利要求22所述的包装,其中当所述形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时,所述密封剂破碎。 23. The package of claim 22, wherein when said shape memory polymer is subjected to change of shape, the sealant broken.
24. 如权利要求22所述的包装,其中所述密封剂包括淀粉,聚(脲-甲醛),氨基树脂,聚酰胺,聚氨酯,明胶,纤维素,聚乙酸乙烯酯,脲-间苯二酚甲醛、或其组合。 24. The package of claim 22, wherein said sealing agent include starch, poly (urea - formaldehyde), amino resin, polyamide, polyurethane, gelatin, cellulose, polyvinyl acetate, urea - resorcinol formaldehyde, or combinations thereof.
25. 如权利要求错误!未找到引用源所述的包装,其中所述作用剂被封装。 Error 25. The claim! Reference source not found the package, wherein the agent is encapsulated.
26. 如权利要求1所述的包装,其中所述形状记忆聚合物布置在亲水基质内,由此所述作用剂在从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出时与所述亲水基质反应。 26. The package of claim 1, wherein the shape memory polymer is disposed in a hydrophilic matrix, whereby upon release of the agent from the shape memory polymer is reacted with the hydrophilic matrix .
27. 如权利要求26所述的包装,其中所述作用剂在放热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 27. The package of claim 26, wherein said agent in an exothermic reaction process with the hydrophilic matrix.
28. 如权利要求26所述的包装,其中所述作用剂在吸热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 28. The package of claim 26, wherein the endothermic agent in the reaction with the hydrophilic matrix.
29. 如权利要求1所述的包装,构造为保存食物或饮料。 29. The package of claim 1 wherein, for the preservation of food or beverage configured.
30. -种制作包装的方法,所述方法包括: 将至少一个作用剂布置在形状记忆聚合物内,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放所述作用剂。 30. - The method of fabricating a package, the method comprising: at least one agent is arranged in the shape memory polymer, wherein the shape memory polymer is adapted to release in response to stimulation of the agent.
31. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂以猝发释放方式从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放。 31. The method according to claim 30, wherein said agent is released in a burst manner is released from the shape memory polymer.
32. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括冷却剂、芳香剂、加热剂、可视指示剂或可视辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合。 32. The method according to claim 30, wherein said agent comprises cooling agents, fragrances, heating agent, a visual indicator or a visual aid, antimicrobial agents, drugs, agents, or a combination thereof is formed noise.
33. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐、在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐、精油、加压二氧化碳或其组合。 33. The method of claim 30, wherein said agent comprises dissolved in water in an exothermic reaction to occur salt, dissolved in water in an endothermic reaction to occur salt, oil, pressurized carbon dioxide, or combination.
34. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐,所述盐从如下中选出:氯化锂、氯化镁、碳酸钾、硫酸镁、硫酸钙、氯化钙、氧化钙、氯化铝、硫酸铝、硫酸铝钾、及其组合。 34. The method of claim 30, wherein said agent comprises dissolved in water in an exothermic reaction to occur, said salt being selected from the following: lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium carbonate, magnesium , calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, calcium oxide, aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, potassium aluminum sulfate, and combinations thereof.
35. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐,所述盐从如下选出:硝酸铵、氯化钾、亚硝酸铵、硫氰酸钾、硫氰酸铵、碘化钾、氯化铵、氯化钠、亚硝酸钠、硝酸钠、醋酸钠、碳酸钠、硫酸钠、硫代硫酸钠、磷酸钠、尿素、木糖醇、 山梨醇、甘油、唾液淀粉酶、脂肪酶、麦芽糖醇、蔗糖、葡萄糖、甘露糖、糖、碳水化合物及其组合。 35. The method of claim 30, wherein said agent comprises dissolved in water in an endothermic reaction to occur, said salt being selected from the following: ammonium nitrate, potassium chloride, ammonium nitrite, sulfur potassium cyanate, ammonium thiocyanate, potassium iodide, ammonium chloride, sodium chloride, sodium nitrite, sodium nitrate, sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate, sodium thiosulfate, sodium, urea, xylitol, sorbitol, alcohols, glycerol, salivary amylase, lipase, maltitol, sucrose, glucose, mannitol, sugars, carbohydrates, and combinations thereof.
36. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括从如下选出的精油:琼脂油、香旱芹油,当归根油,大茴香油,阿魏,香脂油,罗勒油,月桂油,香柠檬油,黑胡椒精油,布枯油, 桦树油,樟脑,大麻花精油,葛缕子油,小豆蔻籽油,胡萝卜籽油,雪松油,甘菊油,菖蒲根,肉桂油,岩蔷薇油,香茅油,鼠尾草油,丁香油,芫荽油,咖啡,芫荽,艾菊油,木香,蔓越莓籽油, 荜澄茄,枯茗油,柏树,干膜莎草,咖喱叶,印蒿油,莳萝油,土木香,桉树油,小茴香子油,胡芦巴油,冷杉,乳香油,高良姜,白松香,天竺葵油,姜油,秋麒麟草,葡萄柚油,指甲花油,蜡菊,柠檬烯,山核桃油,辣根油,牛膝草,爱达荷州艾菊,茉莉油,杜松子油,薰衣草油,柠檬油,柠檬香茅,青柠,山苍子油,柑橘,马郁兰,白千层,茶树油,蜜蜂花油,薄荷油,山香薄荷, 芥子油,艾蒿油,没药油,桃金娘,印楝油,橙花,肉豆蔻,橙油,牛至油,鸢尾油,帕洛圣,欧芹油,广藿香油,紫苏精油,海地油,椒薄荷油,橙叶,松油,罗文沙叶,铅笔柏,罗马甘菊,玫瑰油,玫瑰果油,迷迭香油,玫瑰木油,鼠尾草油,黄樟油,香薄荷油,檀香油,五味子油,绿薄荷油,甘松,云杉,八角油,红橘,龙蒿油,百里香油,铁杉,郁金,缬草,香根草油,ω -3油,亚麻籽油,鱼油,牛油,桐油,香蕉油,西部铅笔柏,冬青,蓍草油,依兰,莪术、及其任意组合。 36. The method of claim 30, wherein said agent comprises essential oils selected from the following: agar oil, fragrant celery oil, angelica root oil, anise oil, ferulic, fragrant fat, basil oil, bay oil, bergamot oil, black pepper oil, dry cloth oil, birch oil, camphor, cannabis oil, caraway oil, cardamom seed oil, carrot seed oil, cedar oil, chamomile oil, iris root, cinnamon oil , cistus oil, citronella oil, sage oil, clove oil, coriander oil, coffee, coriander, rosemary oil, wood, cranberry seed oil, cubeb, cumin oil, cypress, dry Lufthansa grass, curry leaves, Artemisia Indian oil, dill oil, civil incense, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, fenugreek oil, fir, frankincense oil, galangal, white rosin, geranium oil, ginger oil, goldenrod, grapefruit oil, henna oil, helichrysum, limonene, pecan oil, horseradish oil, hyssop, Idaho tansy, jasmine oil, juniper berry oil, lavender oil, lemon oil, lemon grass, green lemon, cubeba oil, citrus, marjoram, melaleuca, tea tree oil, lemon balm oil, mint oil, mountain savory, mustard oil, wormwood oil, myrrh oil, myrtle, neem oil, orange blossom, nutmeg, orange oil, oregano oil, iris oil, Palo St., parsley oil, patchouli oil, perilla oil, Haiti oil, peppermint oil, orange leaves, pine oil, sand Rowan leaves, Sabina, Roman chamomile, rose oil, rose hip oil, rosemary oil, rosewood oil, sage oil, sassafras oil, fragrant oil, sandalwood oil, Schisandra oil, spearmint oil, nard, spruce, anise oil , red orange, tarragon, thyme oil, hemlock, turmeric, valerian, vetiver oil, ω -3 oil, flaxseed oil, fish oil, tallow, tung oil, banana oil, western red cedar, holly, yarrow oil, ylang ylang, Curcuma, and any combination thereof.
37. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括肉桂酸,淀粉,聚醚聚氨酯基质,三苯甲烷无色衍生物,偶氮苯,生物聚合物,聚(2-甲基-2-恶唑啉),聚(倍半硅氧烷),高冲击性聚苯乙烯,交联的聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙6接枝共聚物,反式聚异戊二烯,交联的乙烯-乙酸乙烯酯共聚物,苯乙烯基聚合物,丙烯酸酯基聚合物,聚降冰片烯,交联的聚环辛烯,环氧基聚合物,硫代烯基聚合物,嵌段聚氨酯,嵌段聚氨酯离聚物,聚(3-羟基链烷酸酯),包含十二烷二酸或癸二酸单体和胆汁酸基聚酯的共聚物、或其组合。 37. The method of claim 30, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises cinnamic acid, starch, polyether urethane matrix, as colorless triphenylmethane derivatives, azobenzene, biopolymers, poly (2-methyl yl-2-oxazoline), poly (silsesquioxane), high impact polystyrene, polyethylene, and cross-linked polyethylene / nylon 6 graft copolymer, trans polyisoprene, cross linked ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer, a styrene-based polymer, an acrylate based polymer, polynorbornene, crosslinked poly cyclooctenyl, epoxy polymers, thio alkenyl polymers, block polyurethane, segmented polyurethane ionomer, poly (3-hydroxy alkanoate), comprising dodecanedioic acid or sebacic acid monomers and bile acid-based polyester copolymer, or a combination thereof.
38. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括可食聚合物。 38. The method according to claim 30, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises an edible polymer.
39. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物具有约100 %至约1000 %的形状恢复比率。 39. The method according to claim 30, wherein the shape memory polymer has from about 100% to about 1000% shape recovery rate.
40. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述刺激包括温度升高、温度下降、紫外线(UV)光曝光、红外线(IR)光曝光、磁场改变、pH变化、离子浓度变化、水浓度变化、电场变化或其组合。 40. The method of claim 30, wherein the stimulation comprises a temperature increase, temperature decrease, an ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, infrared (IR) light exposure, magnetic field changes, pH changes, changes in ionic concentration, changes in water concentration , change in electric field, or combinations thereof.
41. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于所述刺激而经历形状变化以释放所述作用剂。 41. The method of claim 30, wherein said shape memory polymer is adapted in response to the stimuli undergo shape change to release the agent.
42. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是可逆的。 42. The method of claim 41, wherein the shape change is reversible.
43. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从平坦形状到卷曲形状。 43. The method of claim 41, wherein the shape change from the flat shape to a curved shape.
44. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从管状形状到螺旋形状。 44. The method of claim 41, wherein the shape change from a tubular shape to a spiral shape.
45. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从卷曲形状到平坦形状。 45. The method of claim 41, wherein the shape change from the flat shape to a curved shape.
46. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从螺旋形状到管状形状。 46. The method of claim 41, wherein the shape change from a spiral shape to a tubular shape.
47. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是响应于所述刺激从闭合构造到打开构造。 47. The method of claim 41, wherein the shape change in response to stimuli from the closed configuration to an open configuration.
48. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的收缩。 48. The method of claim 41, wherein the contraction of the shape change of the shape memory polymer.
49. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的至少部分的破裂。 49. The method of claim 41, wherein the shape change of the shape memory polymer is broken at least part.
50. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其中所述形状变化使得包含所述作用剂的胶囊破裂,所述胶囊由所述形状记忆聚合物形成。 50. The method of claim 41, wherein the shape change such that the capsule comprises rupture agent, the said capsule is formed from a shape memory polymer.
51. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物涂有密封剂。 51. The method of claim 30, wherein said shape memory polymer coated with a sealant.
52. 如权利要求51所述的方法,其中当所述形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时,所述密封剂破碎。 52. The method of claim 51, wherein when said shape memory polymer is subjected to change of shape, the sealant broken.
53. 如权利要求51所述的方法,其中所述密封剂包括淀粉,聚(脲-甲醛),氨基树脂,聚酰胺,聚氨酯,明胶,纤维素,聚乙酸乙烯酯,脲-间苯二酚甲醛、或其组合。 53. The method of claim 51, wherein said sealing agent include starch, poly (urea - formaldehyde), amino resin, polyamide, polyurethane, gelatin, cellulose, polyvinyl acetate, urea - resorcinol formaldehyde, or combinations thereof.
54. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述作用剂被封装。 54. The method of claim 30, wherein said agent is encapsulated.
55. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物布置在亲水基质内,由此所述作用剂在从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出时与所述亲水基质反应。 55. The method according to 30 whereby upon release of the agent from the shape memory polymer is reacted with the hydrophilic matrix claim, wherein the shape memory polymer is disposed in a hydrophilic matrix, .
56. 如权利要求55所述的方法,其中所述作用剂在放热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 56. The method of claim 55, wherein said agent in an exothermic reaction process with the hydrophilic matrix.
57. 如权利要求55所述的方法,其中所述作用剂在吸热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 57. The method of claim 55, wherein the endothermic agent in the reaction with the hydrophilic matrix.
58. 如权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述包装构造为保存食物或饮料。 58. The method of claim 30, wherein said package is configured to preserve food or beverage.
59. -种使用包装的方法,所述方法包括: 提供包装,所述包装包括布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂;以及提供使所述形状记忆聚合物变形的刺激,由此所述作用剂从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 59. - The method of the kind of packaging used, the method comprising: providing said package comprises a shape memory polymer is disposed in the at least one agent; and providing a shape memory polymer the stimulation deformed, whereby the said agent is released from the shape memory polymer.
60. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂以猝发释放方式从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 60. The method of claim 59, wherein said release agent in the burst mode is released from the shape memory polymer.
61. 如权利要求59所述的方法,进一步包括提供亲水基质,由此所述作用剂在从所述形状记忆聚合物中释放出时与所述亲水基质反应。 61. The method of claim 59, further comprising providing a hydrophilic matrix, whereby upon release of the agent from the shape memory polymer reaction with the hydrophilic matrix.
62. 如权利要求61所述的方法,其中所述作用剂在放热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 62. The method of claim 61, wherein said agent in an exothermic reaction process with the hydrophilic matrix.
63. 如权利要求61所述的方法,其中所述作用剂在吸热过程中与所述亲水基质反应。 63. The method of claim 61, wherein the endothermic agent in the reaction with the hydrophilic matrix.
64. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括冷却剂、芳香剂、加热剂、可视指示剂或辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合。 64. The method of claim 59, wherein said agent comprises cooling agents, fragrances, heating agent, a visual indicator or aids, antibacterial agents, drugs, agents, or a combination thereof is formed noise.
65. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐、在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐、精油、加压二氧化碳或其组合。 65. The method of claim 59, wherein said agent comprises dissolved in water in an exothermic reaction to occur salt, dissolved in water in an endothermic reaction to occur salt, oil, pressurized carbon dioxide, or combination.
66. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐,所述盐从如下中选出:氯化锂、氯化镁、碳酸钾、硫酸镁、硫酸钙、氯化钙、氧化钙、氯化铝、硫酸铝、硫酸铝钾、及其组合。 66. The method of claim 59, wherein said agent comprises dissolved in water in an exothermic reaction to occur, said salt being selected from the following: lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium carbonate, magnesium , calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, calcium oxide, aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, potassium aluminum sulfate, and combinations thereof.
67. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐,所述盐从如下选出:硝酸铵、氯化钾、亚硝酸铵、硫氰酸钾、硫氰酸铵、碘化钾、氯化铵、氯化钠、亚硝酸钠、硝酸钠、醋酸钠、碳酸钠、硫酸钠、硫代硫酸钠、磷酸钠、尿素、木糖醇、 山梨醇、甘油、唾液淀粉酶、脂肪酶、麦芽糖醇、蔗糖、葡萄糖、甘露糖、糖、碳水化合物及其组合。 67. The method of claim 59, wherein said agent comprises dissolved in water in an endothermic reaction to occur, said salt being selected from the following: ammonium nitrate, potassium chloride, ammonium nitrite, sulfur potassium cyanate, ammonium thiocyanate, potassium iodide, ammonium chloride, sodium chloride, sodium nitrite, sodium nitrate, sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate, sodium thiosulfate, sodium, urea, xylitol, sorbitol, alcohols, glycerol, salivary amylase, lipase, maltitol, sucrose, glucose, mannitol, sugars, carbohydrates, and combinations thereof.
68. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂包括从如下选出的精油:琼脂油、香旱芹油,当归根油,大茴香油,阿魏,香脂油,罗勒油,月桂油,香柠檬油,黑胡椒精油,布枯油, 桦树油,樟脑,大麻花精油,葛缕子油,小豆蔻籽油,胡萝卜籽油,雪松油,甘菊油,菖蒲根,肉桂油,岩蔷薇油,香茅油,鼠尾草油,丁香油,芫荽油,咖啡,芫荽,艾菊油,木香,蔓越莓籽油, 荜澄茄,枯茗油,柏树,干膜莎草,咖喱叶,印蒿油,莳萝油,土木香,桉树油,小茴香子油,胡芦巴油,冷杉,乳香油,高良姜,白松香,天竺葵油,姜油,秋麒麟草,葡萄柚油,指甲花油,蜡菊,柠檬烯,山核桃油,辣根油,牛膝草,爱达荷州艾菊,茉莉油,杜松子油,薰衣草油,柠檬油,柠檬香茅,青柠,山苍子油,柑橘,马郁兰,白千层,茶树油,蜜蜂花油,薄荷油,山香薄荷, 芥子油,艾蒿油,没药油,桃金娘,印楝油,橙花,肉豆蔻,橙油,牛至油,鸢尾油,帕洛圣,欧芹油,广藿香油,紫苏精油,海地油,椒薄荷油,橙叶,松油,罗文沙叶,铅笔柏,罗马甘菊,玫瑰油,玫瑰果油,迷迭香油,玫瑰木油,鼠尾草油,黄樟油,香薄荷油,檀香油,五味子油,绿薄荷油,甘松,云杉,八角油,红橘,龙蒿油,百里香油,铁杉,郁金,缬草,香根草油,ω -3油,亚麻籽油,鱼油,牛油,桐油,香蕉油,西部铅笔柏,冬青,蓍草油,依兰,莪术、及其任意组合。 68. The method of claim 59, wherein said agent comprises essential oils selected from the following: agar oil, fragrant celery oil, angelica root oil, anise oil, ferulic, fragrant fat, basil oil, bay oil, bergamot oil, black pepper oil, dry cloth oil, birch oil, camphor, cannabis oil, caraway oil, cardamom seed oil, carrot seed oil, cedar oil, chamomile oil, iris root, cinnamon oil , cistus oil, citronella oil, sage oil, clove oil, coriander oil, coffee, coriander, rosemary oil, wood, cranberry seed oil, cubeb, cumin oil, cypress, dry Lufthansa grass, curry leaves, Artemisia Indian oil, dill oil, civil incense, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, fenugreek oil, fir, frankincense oil, galangal, white rosin, geranium oil, ginger oil, goldenrod, grapefruit oil, henna oil, helichrysum, limonene, pecan oil, horseradish oil, hyssop, Idaho tansy, jasmine oil, juniper berry oil, lavender oil, lemon oil, lemon grass, green lemon, cubeba oil, citrus, marjoram, melaleuca, tea tree oil, lemon balm oil, mint oil, mountain savory, mustard oil, wormwood oil, myrrh oil, myrtle, neem oil, orange blossom, nutmeg, orange oil, oregano oil, iris oil, Palo St., parsley oil, patchouli oil, perilla oil, Haiti oil, peppermint oil, orange leaves, pine oil, sand Rowan leaves, Sabina, Roman chamomile, rose oil, rose hip oil, rosemary oil, rosewood oil, sage oil, sassafras oil, fragrant oil, sandalwood oil, Schisandra oil, spearmint oil, nard, spruce, anise oil , red orange, tarragon, thyme oil, hemlock, turmeric, valerian, vetiver oil, ω -3 oil, flaxseed oil, fish oil, tallow, tung oil, banana oil, western red cedar, holly, yarrow oil, ylang ylang, Curcuma, and any combination thereof.
69. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括肉桂酸,淀粉,聚醚聚氨酯基质,三苯甲烷无色衍生物,偶氮苯,生物聚合物,聚(2-甲基-2-恶唑啉),聚(倍半硅氧烷),高冲击性聚苯乙烯,交联聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙6的接枝共聚物,反式聚异戊二烯,交联的乙烯-乙酸乙烯酯共聚物,苯乙烯基聚合物,丙烯酸酯基聚合物,聚降冰片烯,交联的聚环辛烯,环氧基聚合物,硫代烯基聚合物,嵌段聚氨酯,嵌段聚氨酯离聚物,聚(3-羟基链烷酸酯),包含十二烷二酸或癸二酸单体和胆汁酸基聚酯的共聚物、或其组合。 69. The method of claim 59, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises cinnamic acid, starch, polyether urethane matrix, as colorless triphenylmethane derivatives, azobenzene, biopolymers, poly (2-methyl yl-2-oxazoline), poly (silsesquioxane), high impact polystyrene, cross-linked polyethylene and polyethylene / nylon 6 graft copolymer, trans polyisoprene, cross linked ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer, a styrene-based polymer, an acrylate based polymer, polynorbornene, crosslinked poly cyclooctenyl, epoxy polymers, thio alkenyl polymers, block polyurethane, segmented polyurethane ionomer, poly (3-hydroxy alkanoate), comprising dodecanedioic acid or sebacic acid monomers and bile acid-based polyester copolymer, or a combination thereof.
70. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物包括可食聚合物。 70. The method of claim 59, wherein the shape memory polymer comprises an edible polymer.
71. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物具有约100 %至约1000 %的形状恢复比率。 71. The method of claim 59, wherein the shape memory polymer has from about 100% to about 1000% shape recovery rate.
72. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中提供刺激包括升温、降温、将所述包装暴露于紫外线(UV)光、将所述包装暴露于红外线(IR)光、改变磁场、改变pH、改变离子浓度、改变水浓度、改变电场或其组合。 72. The method of claim 59, wherein the stimulation comprises providing heating, cooling, the package is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light, the package is exposed to infrared (IR) light, changing the magnetic field, changing the pH, changing ion concentration, the water concentration changes, the electrical field or a combination thereof.
73. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中提供刺激以使所述形状记忆聚合物变形,导致形状变化。 73. The method of claim 59, wherein the stimulation provided so that the deformed shape memory polymer, resulting in shape change.
74. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是可逆的。 74. The method of claim 73, wherein the shape change is reversible.
75. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从平坦形状到卷曲形状。 75. The method of claim 73, wherein the shape change from the flat shape to a curved shape.
76. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从管状形状到螺旋形状。 76. The method of claim 73, wherein the shape change from a tubular shape to a spiral shape.
77. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从卷曲形状到平坦形状。 77. The method of claim 73, wherein the shape change from the flat shape to a curved shape.
78. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化从螺旋形状到管状形状。 78. The method of claim 73, wherein the shape change from a spiral shape to a tubular shape.
79. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是响应于所述刺激从闭合构造到打开构造。 79. The method of claim 73, wherein the shape change in response to stimuli from the closed configuration to an open configuration.
80. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的收缩。 80. The method of claim 73, wherein the contraction of the shape change of the shape memory polymer.
81. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化是所述形状记忆聚合物的至少部分的破裂。 81. The method of claim 73, wherein the shape change of the shape memory polymer is broken at least part.
82. 如权利要求73所述的方法,其中所述形状变化使得包含所述作用剂的胶囊破裂,所述胶囊由所述形状记忆聚合物形成。 82. The method of claim 73, wherein the shape change such that the capsule comprises rupture agent, the said capsule is formed from a shape memory polymer.
83. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述形状记忆聚合物涂有密封剂。 83. The method of claim 59, wherein said shape memory polymer coated with a sealant.
84. 如权利要求83所述的方法,其中当所述形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时,所述密封剂破碎。 84. The method of claim 83, wherein when said shape memory polymer is subjected to change of shape, the sealant broken.
85. 如权利要求83所述的方法,其中所述密封剂包括淀粉,聚(脲-甲醛),氨基树脂,聚酰胺,聚氨酯,明胶,纤维素,聚乙酸乙烯酯,脲-间苯二酚甲醛、或其组合。 85. The method of claim 83, wherein said sealing agent include starch, poly (urea - formaldehyde), amino resin, polyamide, polyurethane, gelatin, cellulose, polyvinyl acetate, urea - resorcinol formaldehyde, or combinations thereof.
86. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述作用剂被封装。 86. The method of claim 59, wherein said agent is encapsulated.
87. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其中所述包装构造为保存食物或饮料。 87. The method of claim 59, wherein said package is configured to preserve food or beverage.
Description  translated from Chinese

包装材料及其制备和使用方法 Packaging materials and methods of making and using

背景技术 Background technique

[0001] 用于包装的温控系统能够有助于保持食物质量。 [0001] The temperature control system for packaging can help maintain the quality of food. 在冷储地点之间运输或者顾客没有及时冷藏的带有非理想包装的冷藏或冷冻食品将受益于更佳的绝缘以便储存、运输和购后处置。 Between a cold storage location or the customer does not timely refrigerated transport refrigerated or frozen food with a non-ideal packaging will benefit from better insulation for storage, transport and purchase after disposal. 同样,自加热包装可允许消费者便利地享受应当加热的食物。 Similarly, self-heating packaging allows consumers to conveniently enjoy the food should be heated. 因此,对于与标准包装相比改善食物质量的食物包装解决方案存在需求。 Therefore, compared with the standard of food packaging to improve the quality of food packaging solutions there is a need.

[0002] 发明概述 [0002] Summary of the Invention

[0003] 该文献中公开的实施例涉及具有布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂的包装,该形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放作用剂。 [0003] The literature disclosed embodiments relate disposed within the package having a shape memory polymer of at least one agent, which is adapted to the shape memory polymer responsive to stimulate release agent. 该包装可构造为例如保存食物或饮料。 The package may be configured, for example, to preserve food or drinks. 该包装可用于例如检测运输或储存期间的环境条件,保持食物的温度以维持食物质量,或者为顾客提供令人愉悦的感官体验。 The package can be used to detect such as transport or environmental conditions during storage, maintaining the temperature of the food to maintain food quality, or to provide customers with a pleasant sensory experience.

[0004] -些实施例涉及制作包装的方法,包括将至少一个作用剂布置在形状记忆聚合物内,其中所述形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放作用剂。 [0004] - Some embodiments of the method involves the production of packaging, comprising at least one agent is arranged in the shape memory polymer, wherein the shape memory polymer is adapted to release in response to stimulation agent.

[0005] -些实施例涉及使用包装的方法,包括:提供具有布置于形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂的包装;以及提供刺激以使形状记忆聚合物变形,由此从形状记忆聚合物中释放出作用剂。 [0005] - Some embodiments use a method of packaging, including those involving: providing a package having a shape-memory disposed within at least one polymer agent; and providing stimulation to the shape memory polymer is deformed, whereby the shape memory polymer the release agent.

[0006] 前面的概述仅仅是示例性的,而不意在以任何方式进行限制。 [0006] The foregoing summary is illustrative only and is not intended to be limiting in any way. 通过参考附图以及下面的详细说明,除了上文所描述的示例性的方案、实施例和特征之外,另外的方案、实施例和特征将变得清晰可见。 By reference to the drawings and the following detailed description, in addition to the exemplary scheme described above, other than embodiments and features, additional programs, embodiments and features will become clearly visible.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0007] 图1示出了具有形状记忆聚合物的示例性包装的示意图,该形状记忆聚合物呈柱形棒的形状,当暴露于刺激时柱形棒打开,形成装饰形状。 [0007] FIG. 1 shows a schematic view of an exemplary package having a shape memory polymer, shape memory polymer is in the shape of a cylindrical rod, when exposed to stimuli open cylindrical rod to form decorative shapes.

[0008] 图2示出了具有形状记忆聚合物的示例性包装的示意图,如左侧显示该形状记忆聚合物具有平板壁,当暴露于刺激时该平板壁收缩、向上卷曲,形成如右侧显示的装饰性花形装饰件,并且当包封形状记忆聚合物的密封剂响应于收缩而破裂时,引起作用剂的猝发性释放(如星形猝发所示)。 [0008] FIG. 2 shows a schematic view of an exemplary package having a shape memory polymer, such as shown on the left of the shape memory polymer has a flat wall, when exposed to a stimulated contraction of the wall plate, it curled up, such as the formation of the right side decorative flower-shaped decorative pieces displayed, and when the shape memory polymer encapsulating sealant in response to the contraction of rupture, causing a burst of release agent (such as star bursts shown).

[0009] 图3A-3E示出了根据本文实施例的做成各种形状的装饰件的形状记忆聚合物。 [0009] FIG. 3A-3E shows made into various shapes of trim shape memory polymer according to an embodiment herein. 图3A示出了可利用本文实施例的方法做成的定形为叶子的装饰件的示例。 Figure 3A shows an embodiment herein can be used a method of setting an example made of leaves garnish. 图3B示出了可利用本文实施例的方法做成的定形为叶子的装饰件的示例。 Figure 3B shows the embodiment herein can be used a method of setting an example made of leaves garnish. 图3C示出了可利用本文实施例的方法做成的定形为保持食物的碗的叶状装饰件的示例。 Figure 3C shows examples herein can be used a method to keep the example made of amorphous food bowl leafy garnish. 图3D示出了作为寿司包装的部分的、 本文实施例的叶状装饰件包装的示例。 Figure 3D shows, as part of the package of sushi, exemplary embodiments herein foliate garnish packaging. 图3E示出了可以利用本文的实施例的方法做成的定形为花的装饰件的示例。 3E shows the embodiments described herein can be used a method of setting an example made of flower garnish.

[0010] 图4A-4D描绘了根据本文实施例的暴露于刺激时示例性的形状记忆聚合物的变换的阶段。 [0010] Figures 4A-4D depicts a stimulus is exposed to a shape memory polymer exemplary embodiments herein conversion stage. 图4A描绘了呈螺丝锥状螺旋形状的形状记忆聚合物,当暴露于刺激时,如同4B所示缓慢展开。 Figure 4A depicts a spiral shape was tapered screw shape memory polymers, when exposed to stimuli, as in Fig. 4B slow start. 图4C是弯曲管状,描绘了形状记忆聚合物的变换的进一步阶段,如图4D所示形状记忆聚合物展开而形成直线的、固定管状。 4C is a curved tubular depicts the shape memory polymer further stage of transformation, as shown in FIG. 4D shape memory polymer expand to form a straight line, the fixed tubular.

[0011] 图5A-5C描绘了根据本文实施例的暴露于刺激时形状记忆聚合物的变换的阶段。 [0011] Figures 5A-5C depicts a shape memory when exposed to stimulating embodiment herein the polymer transformation stage. 图5A示出了处于其原始管状的形状记忆聚合物,当暴露于刺激时,如图5B所示开始向内卷曲,产生了如图5(3所不的最早的螺丝锥(corkscrew)形状。 Figure 5A shows a shape memory polymer is in its original tubular shape when exposed to stimuli, 5B, start to curl inward, resulting in Figure 5 (not 3 earliest corkscrew (corkscrew) shape.

[0012] 图6示出了本文所描述实施例的形状记忆聚合物响应于温度变化的形状变化特性。 [0012] FIG. 6 illustrates an embodiment of the herein described shape memory polymer changes shape in response to temperature variation characteristics. X轴是时间,y轴是温度。 X is the time axis, y-axis is the temperature.

[0013]图7A-7D示出了接枝聚合物网的光诱发SME的分子机理:图7A的光敏基(空心三角形)在拉伸和光固定之后共价连接到永久聚合物网(实心圆,永久交联),形成光可逆交联(实心菱形),如图7B中所示;临时形状的图7C所示的固定和图7D所示的复原是通过合适波长的UV光辐照来实现的。 [0013] FIG. 7A-7D shows light-induced graft polymer network molecular mechanism of SME: Figure 7A, a photosensitive (open triangles) and stretched after the light-covalent polymer network is fixedly connected to the permanent (filled circles, permanent crosslinked), forming a light-reversible cross-linked (solid diamonds), shown in Figure 7B; 7D recovery temporary shape shown in FIG. 7C and FIG fixed by UV light irradiation of a suitable wavelength to achieve .

[00M]图8A-8C示出了形状记忆复原过程的示意图,其中图8A示出了切换链段松弛的原始形状;图8B示出了切换链段由于温降而在过渡中固定的过渡形状;以及图8C示出了切换链段再次松弛的逆向返回原始形状. [00M] Figure 8A-8C shows a schematic view of the shape memory recovery process, in which FIG. 8A illustrates a switching segment relaxed original shape; Fig. 8B illustrates a switching segment due to the temperature drop and fixed transition shape transition ; and Figure 8C shows the switching segment again slack reverse back to the original shape.

[0015]图9A-9E示出了由硅石基质中氧化铁(II)颗粒和聚醚聚氨酯构成的纳米颗粒形成的热塑性形状记忆复合物在22秒内的磁感应形状记忆效应。 [0015] Figure 9A-9E shows the magnetic induction shape memory effect of shape memory composites of thermoplastic matrix of silica oxide (II) polyether urethane particles and nanoparticles is formed within 22 seconds of.

[0016]发明详述 [0016] DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION

[0017]在下面的详细说明中,将参考附图,附图构成了详细说明的一部分。 [0017] In the detailed description below, with reference to accompanying drawings, which form a part of the detailed description. 在附图中,除非上下文指出,否则相似的符号通常表示相似的部件。 In the drawings, unless the context indicates otherwise generally similar reference numerals refer to like parts. 在详细说明、附图和权利要求中所描述的示例性实施例不意在限制。 Exemplary embodiments in the detailed description, drawings and claims described intended to be limiting. 在不偏离本文呈现的主题的精神或范围的前提下,可以使用其它实施例,并且可以做出其它改变。 In the subject matter presented herein without departing from the spirit or scope of other embodiments may be used, and other changes may be made. 将易于理解的是,如本文大致描述且如图中所图示的,本公开的方案能够以各种不同配置来布置、替代、组合、分离和设计,所有这些都在本公开的范围内中明确地构思出。 Will be readily appreciated, substantially as herein described and as shown in the illustration, the present disclosure scheme can be arranged in various configurations, substitutions, combinations, separation and designs, all of which are within the scope of the disclosure clearly conceived.

[0018] 本文描述的实施例涉及包装,该包装具有布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂,该形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放作用剂。 [0018] Example embodiments described herein relate package which has a shape memory polymer is disposed within at least one agent, which is adapted to the shape memory polymer responsive to stimulate release agent. 该包装可构造为例如保存食物或饮料。 The package may be configured, for example, to preserve food or drinks. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以猝发释放方式从形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 In some embodiments, the agent may be releasably burst release from a shape memory polymer. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以缓慢释放的方式从形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 In some embodiments, the agent may be releasably slowly released from the shape memory polymer. 作用剂可以包括冷却剂、芳香剂、加热剂、可视指示剂或辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合。 It may include a cooling agent, fragrances, heating agent, a visual indicator or aids, antibacterial agents, drugs, agents, or a combination thereof is formed noise. 例如,作用剂可以包括在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐、在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐、精油、加压二氧化碳或其组合。 For example, the agent may be dissolved in water included in the exothermic reaction can occur salt, dissolved in water in an endothermic reaction to occur salt, oil, pressurized carbon dioxide, or combinations thereof.

[0019] 在一些实施例中,作用剂布置在形状记忆聚合物的表面上。 [0019] In some embodiments, the agent is disposed on a surface of a shape memory polymer. 在图1所示的实施例中,作用剂102可以储存在形状记忆聚合物100的内核101中。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 1, the agent 102 can be stored in the shape memory polymer of the core 101,100. 形状记忆聚合物100可以定形为块状聚合物棒,作用剂102在暴露于刺激时被释放,并由于促动而到达亲水基质中。 Shape memory polymer 100 can be shaped into a block polymer rods, agent 102 is released when exposed to stimulation, and since the actuator reaches the hydrophilic matrix. 例如, 块状聚合物棒在暴露于刺激时打开并且释放作用剂102,诸如冷却剂、芳香剂、加热剂、可视指示剂或辅助物、抗菌剂、药物、药剂、噪声形成剂或其组合,从而产生感官体验。 For example, a block polymer sticks open and release agent 102 when exposed to stimuli, such as cooling agents, flavoring agents, heating agents, or visual indicator aids, antibacterial agents, drugs, agents, or a combination thereof is formed noise , resulting in sensory experience. 在可选的实施例中,如图2所示,作用剂201可以储存在材料密封剂中并且涂敷到形状记忆聚合物200 的板面203上。 In an alternative embodiment, shown in Figure 2, the agent 201 can be stored in the material and sealant applied to the shape memory polymer of 203,200 board. 在图2中,当形状记忆聚合物收缩202时,形状记忆聚合物在暴露于诸如温度变化的刺激时从平坦形状变成螺旋形状,通过使得包封形状记忆聚合物200的胶囊204破裂,可以释放作用剂201。 In Figure 2, when the shrinkage of shape memory polymer 202, the shape memory polymer upon exposure to stimuli such as temperature changes from a flat shape into a spiral shape, a shape memory polymer such that the encapsulation by the capsule rupture 200 204, can be release agent 201. 如图3所示,形状记忆聚合物可以定形为食物装饰件300,诸如为叶子(图3A至3D)或花(图3E)形状的食物装饰件,并且可以设计形状变化以使得在形状记忆聚合物从一种形状变换成另一种形状时,可以提供装饰性"折纸"效果。 3, the shape memory polymer may be shaped to garnish food 300, such as the shape of the food leaves garnish (Figs. 3A to 3D) or a flower (Fig. 3E), and may be designed to change shape such that the shape memory polymerization when the object from one shape into another shape, can provide a decorative "origami" effect.

[0020] 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以是在溶解于水中时能够发生吸热反应的盐。 [0020] In some embodiments, the agent may be a salt thereof can be dissolved in water endothermic reactions. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以从以下选出:硝酸铵、氯化锂、氯化钾、亚硝酸铵、硫氰酸钾、硫氰酸铵、碘化钾、氯化铵、亚硝酸钠、硝酸钠、醋酸钠、碳酸钠、氯化钠、硫酸钠、硫代硫酸钠、磷酸钠、尿素、木糖醇、山梨醇、甘油、麦芽糖醇、蔗糖、葡萄糖、唾液淀粉酶、脂肪酶、甘露糖、糖、 碳水化合物及其组合。 In some embodiments, the agent can be selected from the following: ammonium nitrate, lithium chloride, potassium chloride, ammonium nitrite, potassium thiocyanate, ammonium thiocyanate, potassium iodide, ammonium chloride, sodium nitrite, nitrate , sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium sulfate, sodium thiosulfate, sodium, urea, xylitol, sorbitol, glycerol, maltitol, sucrose, glucose, salivary amylase, lipase, mannose , sugars, carbohydrates, and combinations thereof.

[0021] 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以是在溶解于水中时能够发生放热反应的盐。 [0021] In some embodiments, the agent may be dissolved in water in an exothermic reaction of the salt can occur. 例如,作用剂可以从以下选出:氯化锂、氯化镁、碳酸钾、硫酸镁、硫酸钙、氯化钙、氧化钙、氯化铝、硫酸铝、硫酸铝钾、及其组合。 For example, the agent can be selected from the following: lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, calcium sulfate, calcium chloride, calcium oxide, aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, potassium aluminum sulfate, and combinations thereof.

[0022] 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以是从如下选出的精油:琼脂油、香旱芹油,当归根油, 大茴香油,阿魏,香脂油,罗勒油,月桂油,香柠檬油,黑胡椒精油,布枯油,桦树油,樟脑,大麻花精油,葛缕子油,小豆蔻籽油,胡萝卜籽油,雪松油,甘菊油,菖蒲根,肉桂油,岩蔷薇油, 香茅油,鼠尾草油,丁香油,芫荽油,咖啡,芫荽,艾菊油,木香,蔓越莓籽油,荜澄茄,枯茗油, 柏树,干膜莎草,咖喱叶,印蒿油,莳萝油,土木香,桉树油,小茴香子油,胡芦巴油,冷杉,乳香油,高良姜,白松香,天竺葵油,姜油,秋麒麟草,葡萄柚油,指甲花油,蜡菊,柠檬烯,山核桃油,辣根油,牛膝草,爱达荷州艾菊,茉莉油,杜松子油,薰衣草油,柠檬油,柠檬香茅,青柠,山苍子油,柑橘,马郁兰,白千层,茶树油,蜜蜂花油,薄荷油,山香薄荷,芥子油,艾蒿油, 没药油,桃金娘,印楝油,橙花,肉豆蔻,橙油,牛至油,鸢尾油,帕洛圣,欧芹油,广藿香油,紫苏精油,海地油,椒薄荷油,橙叶,松油,罗文沙叶,铅笔柏,罗马甘菊,玫瑰油,玫瑰果油,迷迭香油,玫瑰木油,鼠尾草油,黄樟油,香薄荷油,檀香油,五味子油,绿薄荷油,甘松,云杉, 八角油,红橘,龙蒿油,百里香油,铁杉,郁金,缬草,香根草油,ω -3油,亚麻籽油,鱼油,牛油,桐油,香蕉油,西部铅笔柏,冬青,蓍草油,依兰,莪术、及其任意组合。 [0022] In some embodiments, the agent may be chosen from the following oils: agar oil, fragrant celery oil, angelica root oil, anise oil, ferulic, fragrant fat, basil oil, bay oil, bergamot oil, black pepper oil, dry cloth oil, birch oil, camphor, cannabis oil, caraway oil, cardamom seed oil, carrot seed oil, cedar oil, chamomile oil, iris root, cinnamon oil, Cistus oil , citronella oil, sage oil, clove oil, coriander oil, coffee, coriander, rosemary oil, wood, cranberry seed oil, cubeb, cumin oil, cypress, dry sedge, curry leaves Indian wormwood oil, dill oil, civil incense, eucalyptus oil, fennel oil, fenugreek oil, fir, frankincense oil, galangal, white rosin, geranium oil, ginger oil, goldenrod, grapefruit oil, henna oil, helichrysum, limonene, pecan oil, horseradish oil, hyssop, Idaho tansy, jasmine oil, juniper berry oil, lavender oil, lemon oil, lemon grass, lime, Cang oil, citrus, marjoram, melaleuca, tea tree oil, lemon balm oil, mint oil, mountain savory, mustard oil, wormwood oil, myrrh oil, myrtle, neem oil, neroli, nutmeg, orange oil, oregano oil, iris oil, Palo St., parsley oil, patchouli oil, perilla oil, Haiti oil, peppermint oil, orange leaves, pine oil, sand Rowan leaves, Sabina, Roman chamomile, rose oil, rose hip oil, rosemary oil, rosewood oil, sage oil, sassafras oil, fragrant oil, sandalwood oil, Schisandra oil, spearmint oil, nard, spruce, anise oil, red orange, tarragon, thyme oil, hemlock, turmeric, valerian, vetiver oil, ω -3 oil, flaxseed oil, fish oil, tallow, tung oil, banana oil, western red cedar, wintergreen, yarrow oil, ylang ylang, Curcuma, and any combination thereof.

[0023] 如本文所使用的,形状记忆聚合物是具有"记忆"宏观(永久)形状的能力的聚合物,在一定的温度和压力条件下被操纵并固定到临时和休眠的形状,并且在暴露于刺激时松弛为宏观形状。 [0023] As used herein, a shape memory polymer having a macroscopic (permanent) shape of the polymer's ability to "learn" is manipulated and fixed into a temporary shape and sleep at a certain temperature and pressure conditions, and when exposed to a stimulus relaxation macroscopic shape. 与形状记忆合金(例如,金属合金,如镍-钛)相比,本文所述的形状记忆聚合物可有利地具有高的弹性变形(对于大多数材料,弹性变形达到200%以上),低密度,可生物降解性和生物相容性,并可能成本低。 And a shape memory alloy (e.g., a metal alloy, such as nickel - titanium) compared with the shape memory polymers described herein can advantageously have a high elastic deformability (for most materials, the elastic deformation of 200% or more), low density , biodegradable and biocompatible, and may be a low cost. 这种聚合物也可以针对不同的应用来调整,并且可以容易地加工。 Such polymers may also be adjusted for different applications, and can be easily processed. 这种形状记忆聚合物的高弹性变形允许在受刺激时大幅收缩。 Such high elastic deformation of the shape memory polymer allows a substantial contraction during stimulation. 在一些实施方案中,用于稳定临时形状的一个先决条件是该链段中的变形形状构造的临时固定。 In some embodiments, the temporary shape for stabilizing a precondition for the segment is temporarily fixed in the deformed shape of the structure. 在一些实施方案中,暂时的、可逆的交联可以是共价键或物理交联。 In some embodiments, the temporary and reversible cross-linking may be covalent bond or physical crosslinking. 在一些实施方案中,物理交联可以是改良成粘性状态的晶粒。 In some embodiments, the physical crosslinking may be modified into a viscous state grains.

[0024] 在一些实施例中,变形使得形状记忆聚合物固定在第二临时形状。 [0024] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer such that the deformation in the second temporary shape is fixed. 该临时形状可以保持,直到定形体暴露于适当的刺激,这引起原始形状的复原。 The temporary shape can be maintained until the body is exposed to a given appropriate stimulation, which cause recovery of the original shape. 在一些实施例中,临时形状可以在刺激一结束时恢复其原始形状。 In some embodiments, the temporary shape can be restored to its original shape when the stimulus ends. 在复原期间发生的运动可以预先限定,因为其与导致临时形状的机械变形逆反。 Movement occurs during the recovery period can be pre-defined, because it led to the temporary shape Converse and mechanical deformation. 本文的实施例的形状记忆聚合物具有重量轻且容许高拉伸的优点。 Shape memory polymers embodiment herein have a light weight and high tensile strengths allowed. 分子结构的不同的结构参数,可使得调整形状记忆聚合物以适应特定的食物和饮料包装应用的需求,如调整用于启动形状变化的转变温度(T trans),从而允许形状记忆聚合物爆发释放其内包封的冷却剂。 Different structural parameters of the molecular structure can be adjusted so that the shape memory polymer to meet the needs of a specific food and beverage packaging applications, such as adjusting for initiating change in the shape transition temperature (T trans), allowing the shape memory polymer burst release encapsulated within the coolant. 例如,对于对温度敏感的形状记忆聚合物,其中形状记忆聚合物的某些链段充当分子开关(切换链段),T trans是切换相的热转变温度。 For example, for a temperature-sensitive shape memory polymers, wherein some segments of shape memory polymers function as molecular switches (switching segments), T trans is the phase transition temperature of the thermal switch. 图8A-8C示出了热诱导形状记忆聚合物的分子结构,其中所述切换链段最初松弛(图8A)并且当聚合物被冷却时成为细长的且固定(图8B)。 Figure 8A-8C shows a thermally induced shape memory polymer molecular structure, wherein said first switch segment slack (FIG. 8A) and becomes elongated and fixed (FIG. 8B) when the polymer is cooled. 如本文所用,切换链段是促进形状变化的官能团或刺激敏感域。 As used herein, the switching segment promoting change in the shape or a functional group sensitive to field stimulation. 当加热时,形状记忆聚合物恢复到其初始形状(图8C),并且切换链段再次变得松弛。 When heated, the shape memory polymer returns to its original shape (Fig. 8C), and switch segments become loose again.

[0025] 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可适于响应于刺激而经历形状变化以释放作用剂。 [0025] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may be adapted in response to a stimulus to undergo shape change release agent. 例如,形状记忆聚合物可以经历从平坦形状到卷曲形状的形状变化,从卷曲形状到平坦形状的形状变化,从管状到螺旋形状的形状变化,从螺旋形状到管状的变化,或其组合。 For example, the shape memory polymer may undergo a shape from a flat shape to a curved shape changes, the shape changes from a flat shape to a curved shape, the shape changes from the tube to the spiral shape, the shape changes from the helical tubular, or combinations thereof. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以响应于刺激而从闭合构造变成打开构造。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may be in response to stimuli from the closed configuration into an open configuration. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以收缩。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may shrink. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物的至少一部分可以破裂。 In some embodiments, at least a portion of the shape memory polymer may be broken. 例如,形状变化可以导致包含作用剂的胶囊破裂,其中胶囊由形状记忆聚合物形成。 For example, change in shape may result in rupture of the capsules containing the agent, wherein the capsule is formed from a shape memory polymer. 在一些实施例中,形状变化可以是可逆的或不可逆的。 In some embodiments, the shape change may be reversible or irreversible. 在一些实施例中,形状变化可以是临时的或永久的。 In some embodiments, the change in shape can be temporary or permanent.

[0026] 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以包括肉桂酸,淀粉,聚醚聚氨酯基质,三苯甲烷无色衍生物,偶氮苯,生物聚合物,聚(2-甲基-2-恶唑啉),聚(倍半硅氧烷),高冲击性聚苯乙烯,交联的聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙6接枝共聚物,反式聚异戊二烯,交联的乙烯-乙酸乙烯酯共聚物,苯乙烯基聚合物,丙烯酸酯基聚合物,聚降冰片烯,交联的聚环辛烯,环氧基聚合物,硫代烯基聚合物,嵌段聚氨酯,嵌段聚氨酯离聚物,聚(3-羟基链烷酸酯),包含十二烷二酸或癸二酸单体和胆汁酸基聚酯的共聚物、或其组合。 [0026] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may include cinnamic acid, starch, polyether urethane matrix, as colorless triphenylmethane derivatives, azobenzene, biopolymers, poly (2-methyl-2- oxazoline), poly (silsesquioxane), high impact polystyrene, polyethylene, and cross-linked polyethylene / nylon 6 graft copolymer, trans polyisoprene, crosslinked ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer, a styrene-based polymer, an acrylate based polymer, polynorbornene, crosslinked poly cyclooctenyl, epoxy polymers, polymers alkenyl thio, segmented polyurethane, block polyurethane ionomer, poly (3-hydroxy alkanoate), comprising dodecanedioic acid or sebacic acid monomers and bile acid-based polyester copolymer, or a combination thereof.

[0027] 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物包括可食聚合物。 [0027] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer comprises an edible polymer. 可食聚合物可以包括淀粉,聚ε_己内酯-共-乙交酯-二甲基丙烯酸酯,或其它生物聚合物。 Edible polymers may include starch, poly caprolactone ε_ - co - glycolide - dimethacrylate, or other biopolymers.

[0028] 如本文所使用的,形状恢复比率Rr量化形状记忆聚合物记住其永久形状的能力。 [0028] As used herein, the shape recovery ratio Rr quantization their ability to remember a shape memory polymer shaped permanent. 形状记忆聚合物可以具有约80%至约1000%的形状恢复比率。 Shape memory polymers can have from about 80% to about 1000% shape recovery rate. 在一些实施例中,形状恢复比率可以为约80%至约900%,约80%至约800%,约80%至约700%,约80%至约600%,约80 %至约500%,约80%至约400%,约80%至约300 %,约80至约250%,约80%至约200%, 约80%至约150%,约80%至约100%,约100%至约900%,约100%至约800%,约100%至约700%,约100%至约600%,约100%至约500%,约100%至约400%,约100%至约300%,约100%至约250%,约100至约200%,约100%至约150%,约150%至约1000%,约200至约1000%,约250%至约1000%,约300%至约1000%,约400%至约1000%,或其组合。 In some embodiments, the shape recovery ratio can range from about 80% to about 900%, from about 80% to about 800%, from about 80% to about 700%, from about 80% to about 600%, from about 80% to about 500% , from about 80% to about 400%, from about 80% to about 300%, from about 80 to about 250%, from about 80% to about 200%, from about 80% to about 150%, from about 80% to about 100%, about 100 % to about 900%, about 100% to about 800%, about 100% to about 700%, about 100% to about 600%, about 100% to about 500%, about 100% to about 400%, about 100% to about 300%, about 100% to about 250%, from about 100 to about 200%, about 100% to about 150%, about 150% to about 1000%, from about 200 to about 1000 percent, from about 250% to about 1000% about 300% to about 1000%, from about 400% to about 1000%, or a combination thereof. 在一些实施例中,形状恢复比率可以为约100%,约150 %,约200%,约250 %,约300%,约400 %,约500%,约600%,约700%,约800%,约900%,约1000%,或在这些值中的任意值之间的范围。 In some embodiments, the shape recovery ratio may be about 100%, about 150%, about 200% to about 250%, about 300%, about 400%, about 500%, about 600%, about 700%, about 800% , about 900% to about 1000%, or ranges between any of these values.

[0029] 应变受控协议的形状恢复比率为:& = d#;:;其中ε是公称应变,^是j 周期性热机械实验中的缺省应变,^是周期性热机械实验中的恢复应变,Ν是周期数,Rr是形状恢复比率。 [0029] strain controlled protocol shape recovery ratio: & = d #;:; where ε is the nominal strain, is j ^ cyclical thermo-mechanical experiments default strain ^ cyclical thermo-mechanical experiments strain recovery , Ν is the number of cycles, Rr is the shape recovery ratio. 应力受控测试协议的形状恢复比率是,dv) - 其中是ε1是冷却至温度Tlciw之后的应变,^是周期性热机械实验中的恢复应变,Ν是周期数,Rr是形状恢复比率。 Controlled stress test protocol shape recovery ratio, dv) - which is a strain ε1 is cooled to a temperature Tlciw after the ^ cyclical thermo-mechanical experiments recovery strain, Ν is the number of cycles, Rr is the shape recovery ratio. 在应变受控协议中,在第N个周期中的程序步骤期间发生的应变εη-ερ(N-1)与在当前形状记忆效应("SME")期间发生的应变^-化⑶的变化有关。 Strain controlled protocol, the strain εη-ερ occurred during the procedural steps in the N-th cycle (N-1) and the strain generated in the current shape memory effect ( "SME") during the ^ - about the change of ⑶ . 在施加屈服应力之前的无应力状态下,在两个连续经过的周期中样本的应变由ε Ρ(Ν-1_εΡ(Ν)表示。在第Ν个周期ει(Ν)的冷却至温度之后的应力受控程序和无应力恢复的情况下,形状恢复比率Rr量化材料记住其永久形状的能力。为此目的,在第N个周期的程序步骤期间发生的应变的变化ει(Ν)_εΡ(Ν)与由于SME而发生的应变变化ει(Ν)-εΡ(Ν_1)进行比较。 In the stress-state yield stress is applied before, after two consecutive cycles the sample is represented by the strain ε Ρ (Ν-1_εΡ (Ν). In the first Ν stress cycle ει (Ν) is cooled to a temperature after under controlled conditions and procedures unstressed recovery, the shape recovery ratio Rr material to remember its ability to quantify permanent shape. for this purpose, change in strain ει N cycles during the program steps occur (Ν) _εΡ (Ν ) and strain ει occur due SME (Ν) -εΡ (Ν_1) were compared.

[0030] 如本文所使用的,形状固定比率可用来量化形状记忆聚合物固定导致临时形状的变形(诸如拉伸)的能力。 [0030] As used herein, the shape of the fixed rate is used to quantify the deformation of a shape memory polymer fixing cause temporary shape (such as stretching) capacity. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以具有约1〇〇%至约1〇〇〇%的形状固定比率。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may have from about 1〇〇% to about 1〇〇〇 shape fixed ratio. 在一些实施例中,形状固定比率可以是约100%至约900%,约100%至约800%,约100%至约700%,约100%至约600%,约100%至约500%,约100%至约400%,约100%至约300%,约100%至约250%,约100至约200%,约100%至约150%,约150%至约1000%,约200 % 至约1000 %,约250 % 至约1000 %,约300 % 至约1000 %,约400 % 至约1000%,或其组合。 In some embodiments, the shape of the fixed rate may be about 100% to about 900%, about 100% to about 800%, about 100% to about 700%, about 100% to about 600%, about 100% to about 500% , from about 100% to about 400%, about 100% to about 300%, about 100% to about 250%, from about 100 to about 200%, about 100% to about 150%, about 150% to about 1000%, about 200 % to about 10%, about 250% to about 1000%, about 300% to about 1000%, from about 400% to about 1000%, or a combination thereof. 在一些实施例中,形状固定比率可以是约100%,约150%,约200%,约250%,约300%,约400%,约500%,约600%,约700%,约800%,约900%,约1000%,或在这些值中的任意值之间的范围。 In some embodiments, the shape of the fixed rate may be about 100%, about 150%, about 200% to about 250%, about 300%, about 400%, about 500%, about 600%, about 700%, about 800% , about 900% to about 1000%, or ranges between any of these values.

[0031] 应变受控协议的形状固定比率是:&'(ΑΓ} 其中11是在周期性热机械实验中卸载之后的固定应变,^是周期性热机械实验中的缺省应变,Ν是周期数,Rf是形状固定比率。应力受控协议的形状固定比率是%(A〇其中ει是冷却至温度TlOT之后的应变, ^是周期性热机械实验中的缺省应变,N是周期数,Rf是形状固定比率。在应变受控程序协议中,Rf由第N个周期的拉力应力撤回后处于无应力状态下的应变110)和最大应变em之比给出。在应力受控程序协议的情况下,R f由卸载之后的拉力应变^0)与在冷却至温度TlQW之后σ = ση情况下的最大应变ει(Ν)之比。 [0031] strain controlled shape fixed rate agreement is: & '(ΑΓ} where 11 is fixed strain unloaded cyclical thermo-mechanical experiments after the ^ cyclical thermo-mechanical experiments default strain, Ν is number of cycles, Rf is the shape of a fixed rate shape stress controlled fixed rate agreement is% (A〇 where ει is cooled to a temperature TlOT strain after the ^ cyclical thermo-mechanical experiments strain default, N is the number of cycles , Rf is the shape of a fixed rate in a strain controlled application protocol, Rf later withdrawn by the tension stress in the N-th cycle strain unstressed state 110) and the ratio of maximum strain of em given stress controlled program the case of agreement, R f after unloading the tension ^ 0) and the maximum strain ει (Ν) σ = ση ratio case after cooling to temperatures TlQW strain.

[0032] 在一些实施例中,刺激可以包括温度升高、温度下降、紫外线(UV)光曝光、红外线(IR)光曝光、磁场改变、pH变化、离子浓度变化、水浓度变化、电场变化或其组合。 [0032] In some embodiments, the stimulus may include temperature, decreased temperature, ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, infrared (IR) light exposure, magnetic field changes, pH changes, changes in ion concentration, water concentration changes, or changes in the electric field combinations thereof.

[0033] 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以经历光可逆反应以形成可逆化学交联,实现形状变化以固定临时形状。 [0033] In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may undergo a reversible reaction to form the light-reversible chemical crosslinking, to achieve the change in shape to a temporary shape is fixed. 在一些实施例中,光可逆刺激可以是合适波长的光,诸如紫外线(UV)光或红外线(IR)光。 In some embodiments, a light stimulus may be reversible light of a suitable wavelength, such as ultraviolet (UV) light or infrared (IR) light. 光敏感基团可包括三苯基甲烷隐色衍生物,偶氮苯,或它们的组合。 Light-sensitive groups may include triphenylmethane leuco derivatives, azobenzene, or a combination thereof. 例如,三苯基甲烷隐色衍生物可以通过具有至少约270nm的波长的UV光来刺激。 For example, triphenylmethane leuco derivatives can be stimulated by light having a wavelength of at least about 270nm UV. 偶氮苯基可以由具有约为330nm至约380nm的波长的UV光来刺激,以实现反式-顺式过渡,或者由具有至少约420nm的波长的UV光来刺激以实现顺式-反式过渡。 Azobenzene may be having about 330nm to about 380nm UV light to stimulate the wavelength to achieve trans - cis transition, or by a UV light to stimulate at least about 420nm wavelength to achieve the cis - trans transition. 图7示出了接枝聚合物网的光诱导SME的分子机制(Behl等人,Shape Memory Polymers and Shape-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science,Vol.226,2010,pp. 1-40)。 Figure 7 shows the molecular mechanisms of light-induced graft polymer network of SME (Behl et al., Shape Memory Polymers and Shape-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science, Vol.226,2010, pp. 1-40). 如图7A中所不,感光基(空心三角形)共价连接到永久聚合物网(实心圆,永久交联),形成如图7B所示的光可逆交联(实心菱形)。 7A is not in the photosensitive group (open triangles) covalently linked to a permanent polymer network as shown (filled circles, permanent crosslinking) to form a light-reversible cross-linked (solid diamonds) as shown in Fig. 7B. 暂时形状的在图7C中所示的固定以及在图7D所示的恢复是通过合适的波长的UV光辐照来实现的。 In the fixed temporary shape shown in Fig. 7C and 7D shown in FIG recovery through appropriate wavelength UV light irradiation to achieve. 在聚合物网中并入诸如分子开关的光敏基团可使实现光诱导的SMP的发展。 Incorporated in the polymer network, such as a molecular switch photosensitive groups can achieve light-induced development of SMP. 通过这种方式,可以通过任何温度效应来独立地诱发SME。 In this way, it can independently induce SME by any temperature effects. 代替升高样本的温度,不同波长范围的光可用于临时形状的固定和永久形状的恢复。 Recovery samples instead of elevated temperatures, light of different wavelength ranges can be used for temporary and permanent fixed shape shapes. CA或肉桂乙酸(CAA)可用作分子级的光敏分子开关,因为它们在被合适波长的光辐照时能够在[2+2]环加成反应中彼此形成共价交联。 CA or cinnamic acid (CAA) can be used as a molecular level sensitive molecular switch, because when they are irradiated with light of the appropriate wavelength can be covalently crosslinked in [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction is the formation of one another. 当用不同的合适波长的光辐照这些键时,这些键可以再次分开。 When irradiated with light of a suitable wavelength different these keys, which can be separated again. 程序周期可以包括使样本变形到最大应变^,此后用λ>260ηπι的UV光辐照,从而应变的聚合物链段可通过新生成的共价键而固定在它们的展开构型。 Program cycle may comprise a sample deformed to the maximum strain ^ thereafter with λ> UV light irradiation 260ηπι thereby strained polymer segment can be newly generated by covalently fixed in their expanded configuration. 当用具有波长λ〈260的光辐照样本并且新形成的共价键断开时,可以恢复永久形状。 When used with a wavelength λ <covalent bond when irradiated with light of 260 samples of newly formed and disconnected, you can restore permanent shape.

[0034] 在一些实施例中,形状变化可以由磁场来诱发。 [0034] In some embodiments, the shape changes can be induced by a magnetic field. 在一些实施例中,磁纳米颗粒可以添加到聚合物中。 In some embodiments, the magnetic nanoparticles can be added to the polymer. 在一些实施例中,聚合物可以是聚醚聚氨酯基质。 In some embodiments, the polymer may be a polyether polyurethane matrix. 在一些实施例中,刺激可以是交变磁场。 In some embodiments, the stimulus may be an alternating magnetic field. 在一些实施例中,交变磁场可以具有约150kHz至约400kHz的频率。 In some embodiments, the alternating magnetic field may have a frequency of about 150kHz to about 400kHz. 在一些实施例中,交变磁场可以具有约TkAnf 1至约SOkAnf1的磁场强度(H),约lOkAnf1至约SOkAnf 1的磁场强度,约15kAm-1至约30kAm-1的磁场强度,约20kAm- 1至约30kAm-1的磁场强度,约ΖδΙίΑπΓ1 至约SOkAnT1的磁场强度,或它们的组合。 In some embodiments, the alternating magnetic field may have about TkAnf 1 to about SOkAnf1 magnetic field intensity (H), about lOkAnf1 to about 1 SOkAnf magnetic field strength of about 15kAm-1 to the magnetic field strength of about 30kAm-1, about 20kAm- 1 to the magnetic field strength of about 30kAm-1, the magnetic field strength of about ΖδΙίΑπΓ1 about SOkAnT1 or combinations thereof. 在一些实施例中,交变磁场的磁场强度可以是约TkAnf1、约lOkAnf1、约KkAnf1、约SOkAnr 1、约、约SOkAnf1或在这些值中的任意两个值之间的范围。 In some embodiments, the alternating magnetic field strength can be about TkAnf1, about lOkAnf1, about KkAnf1, SOkAnr range of about 1, about, about SOkAnf1 or any two values in between these values. 不同强度和/或频率的磁场也可以在本公开的范围内使用。 Different intensity and / or frequency of the magnetic field can also be used within the scope of this disclosure.

[0035] 形状记忆聚合物可以涂有密封剂。 [0035] The shape memory polymer may be coated with a sealant. 在一些实施例中,当形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时,密封剂会破碎。 In some embodiments, when the shape memory polymer is subjected to change in shape, the sealant will be broken. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以被封装。 In some embodiments, the agent may be encapsulated. 在一些实施例中,密封剂可以从淀粉,聚(脲-甲醛),氨基树脂,聚酰胺,聚氨酯,明胶,纤维素,聚乙酸乙烯酯,脲-间苯二酚甲醛,或它们的组合中选出。 In some embodiments, the sealant from starch, poly (urea - formaldehyde), amino resin, polyamide, polyurethane, gelatin, cellulose, polyvinyl acetate, urea - formaldehyde resorcinol, or a combination thereof elected.

[0036] 形状记忆聚合物可以布置在亲水基质内。 [0036] Shape memory polymers can be disposed within the hydrophilic matrix. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以释放到亲水基质中。 In some embodiments, the agent can be released into the hydrophilic matrix. 在一些实施例中,在从形状记忆聚合物释放时,作用剂可以与亲水基质反应。 In some embodiments, upon release from a shape memory polymer, a hydrophilic agent may react with the matrix. 在一些实施例中,作用剂可以在放热过程中与亲水基质反应。 In some embodiments, the agent can be reacted with an exothermic process in a hydrophilic matrix. 在可选的实施例中,作用剂可以在吸热过程中与亲水基质反应。 In an alternative embodiment, the agent can be an endothermic process in the reaction with the hydrophilic matrix.

[0037] 在一些实施例中,亲水基质可以包括与水结合的聚合物。 [0037] In some embodiments, the matrix may include hydrophilic polymers combined with water. 在一些实施例中,作用剂释放到亲水聚合物基质中触发吸热或放热反应。 In some embodiments, the agent is released into the hydrophilic polymer matrix triggers an endothermic or exothermic reactions. 在实施例中,聚合物可以是聚乙烯醇。 In an embodiment, the polymer may be polyvinyl alcohol. 在一些实施例中,亲水基质可以形成包装的一部分。 In some embodiments, the hydrophilic matrix portion of the package may be formed. 例如,亲水基质可以在形状类似花的示例性的包装中形成一层'叶子'或花瓣。 For example, the hydrophilic matrix may form a 'leaf' or petals in an exemplary packaging shaped like flowers of. 在一些实施例中,亲水基质可以包括羟丙基甲基纤维素(HPMC),羟丙基纤维素(HPC),聚环氧乙烷(ΡΕ0),聚乙烯醇,或它们的组合。 In some embodiments, the hydrophilic matrix may comprise hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC), polyethylene oxide (ΡΕ0), polyvinyl alcohol, or combinations thereof.

[0038] -些实施例涉及制作包装的方法,该方法包括:将至少一个作用剂布置在形状记忆聚合物内,其中形状记忆聚合物适于响应于刺激而释放作用剂。 [0038] - Some embodiments of the method involves the production of packaging, the method comprising: at least one agent is arranged in the shape memory polymer, wherein the shape memory polymer is adapted to release in response to stimulation agent. 如上所述,作用剂可以猝发释放方式或缓慢释放方式从形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 As described above, the release agent may burst mode or slow-release manner released from a shape memory polymer. 在一些实施例中,该方法进一步包括:将形状记忆聚合物围绕至少一个作用剂定形。 In some embodiments, the method further comprising: the shape memory polymer shaped surround the at least one agent. 在一些实施例中,形状记忆聚合物可以围绕至少一个作用剂定形以形成胶囊。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer may be about at least one agent to form a capsule shaped. 在一些实施例中,该方法进一步包括:用密封剂涂敷形状记忆聚合物。 In some embodiments, the method further comprising: applying a sealant with a shape memory polymer. 在一些实施例中,密封剂可适于在形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化时破碎。 In some embodiments, the sealant may be adapted to break when the shape memory polymer undergo shape change. 在一些实施例中,该方法进一步包括封装所述作用剂。 In some embodiments, the method further comprising the encapsulating agent. 该作用剂可以在布置于形状记忆聚合物中之前被封装。 The agent may be encapsulated in a shape memory disposed before the polymer. 在一些实施例中,该方法进一步包括:布置形状记忆聚合物以将作用剂包封在亲水基质内,使得作用剂在从形状记忆聚合物中释放时与亲水基质反应,如上所述的那样。 In some embodiments, the method further comprising: arranging the shape memory polymer to hydrophilic agent encapsulated within the matrix, such that the agent is released from the shape memory polymer is reacted with a hydrophilic matrix, as described above, that.

[0039] -些实施例涉及使用包装的方法,包括:提供包装,该包装具有布置在形状记忆聚合物内的至少一个作用剂;以及提供使形状记忆聚合物变形的刺激。 [0039] - Some embodiments use a method of packaging, including those involving: providing a package which has a shape memory polymer is disposed in the at least one agent; shape memory polymer and deformed to provide stimulation. 在施加所述刺激时,作用剂可以从形状记忆聚合物中释放出。 Upon application of the stimulus, the agent can be released from a shape memory polymer. 该方法可以进一步包括提供亲水基质,由此作用剂在从形状记忆聚合物中释放出时与亲水基质反应。 The method may further comprise providing a hydrophilic matrix, whereby the agent is released from the shape memory polymer is reacted with a hydrophilic matrix.

[0040] 在一些实施例中,提供刺激可以包括:升温、降温、将所述包装暴露于紫外线(UV) 光、将所述包装暴露于红外线(IR)光、改变磁场、改变PH、改变离子浓度、改变水浓度、改变电场或其组合。 [0040] In some embodiments, providing stimulus may include: heating, cooling, the package is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light, the package is exposed to infrared (IR) light, changing the magnetic field, change PH, changes in ion concentration, water concentration changes, the electrical field or a combination thereof. 在一些实施例中,提供使形状记忆聚合物变形的刺激可以导致形状变化。 In some embodiments, the shape memory polymer provides the stimulation can lead to deformation of the shape change.

[0041 ] 示例 [0041] Example

[0042] 示例1:冷却装饰性食物包装 [0042] Example 1: Cooling decorative food packaging

[0043]制备食物包装,其中氯化钾布置在花蕾状的聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯基质内。 [0043] Preparation of food packaging, in which potassium chloride arranged in the bud-like polyester urethane matrix. 在暴露于20C的目标温度时,花蕾突然打开而将氯化钾释放到具有羟丙基纤维素的亲水凝胶基质中。 Exposure to the target temperature of 20 C, the buds open and the sudden release of potassium chloride to the hydrophilic gel matrix having the hydroxypropyl cellulose. 期望氯化钾与羟丙基纤维素之间发生吸热反应来冷却食物。 Expected to occur between potassium chloride and hydroxypropyl cellulose endothermic reactions to cool the food. 突然释放可以在购买和从冰箱中移除之后发生。 Sudden release may occur after the purchase and removal from the refrigerator.

[0044] 示例2:嗅觉温补食物包装 [0044] Example 2: Warming smell food packaging

[0045]面食食物(pasta dish)被布置在双层塑料托盘中,该双层塑料托盘具有设置在两个塑料层之间的、由交联的聚乙烯和聚乙烯/尼龙类6接枝共聚物构成的形状记忆聚合物。 [0045] Food pasta (pasta dish) is arranged in double plastic tray, the tray having a double layer of plastic is disposed between two plastic layer, made of polyethylene and polyethylene / nylon 6 crosslinked graft copolymer the material constituting the shape memory polymer. 由羟丙基纤维素构成的亲水基质设置在形状记忆聚合物上方的层中,硫酸钙、柠檬香茅芳香剂、以及加压的二氧化碳胶囊设置在所述形状记忆聚合物的下方。 Hydroxypropyl cellulose hydrophilic matrix formed by the setting in the shape memory polymer above the layer, calcium sulfate, lemon grass fragrance, and the carbon dioxide capsule is disposed below the pressing shape memory polymer. 在微波加热过程中,形状记忆聚合物经历形状变化到一个临时形状,并且硫酸钙被释放到亲水基质中。 During microwave heating, the shape memory polymer is subjected to a temporary change in the shape of the shape, and calcium sulfate are released into the hydrophilic matrix. 硫酸钙和羟基纤维素被希望发生放热反应以使食物保持温暖的温度。 Calcium sulphate and hydroxy cellulose is an exothermic reaction occurs hope to keep the food warm temperatures. 突发释放还释放出柠檬香茅的香味,和由于加压的二氧化碳胶囊的释放而弹出(噼里啪啦)的噪声,以促进消费者的愉悦的感官体验。 Sudden release also released lemongrass flavor, and due to the release of carbon dioxide pressurized capsule and pop (crackling) noise, in order to promote a pleasant sensory experience for consumers.

[0046] 示例3:热检测包装 [0046] Example 3: Thermal sensing Packaging

[0047]硝酸铵布置在高抗冲聚苯乙烯中的包装用于食物的储存和运输。 [0047] Ammonium nitrate is arranged in a high-impact polystyrene packaging for food storage and transport. 在储存和运输期间,当达到40C的目标温度时,吸热剂被释放到具有羟丙基甲基纤维素的亲水基质中,从而冷却包装的内容物。 During storage and transport, when it reaches the target temperature of 40 C, the endothermic agent is released into the hydrophilic matrix having a hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, thereby cooling contents of the package. 高抗冲聚苯乙烯的形状变化也可通知接受者遭遇过度储存温度。 HIPS shape change may also notify the recipient suffered excessive storage temperature.

[0048] 示例4:加热食物包装 [0048] Example 4: heating food packaging

[0049] 制备硫酸镁布置在形状记忆聚合物中的食品包装。 [0049] Preparation of magnesium sulfate is arranged in the shape memory polymer food packaging. 形状记忆聚合物包括偶氮苯。 Shape memory polymers include azobenzene. 如购买食物产品的过程中,通过将激光扫描器(红外线光)指向包装来释放硫酸镁。 Such as the purchase of food products in the process, by the laser scanner (infrared light) point package to release magnesium sulfate. 红外线光将引起硫酸镁猝发释放到具有聚环氧乙烷的亲水凝胶基质中,并且硫酸镁和聚环氧乙烷预期发生放热反应来加热食物。 Infrared light will cause over magnesium burst release of polyethylene oxide having a hydrophilic gel matrix, polyethylene oxide and magnesium sulphate and expected exothermic reaction occurs to heat the food.

[0050] 示例5:变色碗 [0050] Example 5: color Bowl

[0051 ] -碗包括具有着色剂的螺旋盘绕聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯(polyesterurethane),所述着色剂用来指示热食物已经冷却到足以放心地吃。 [0051] - including a bowl having a spirally wound polyester urethane colorant (polyesterurethane), the colorant used to indicate that hot food has cooled enough to safely eat. 加热如汤的热食物之后,汤放置在碗,聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯开始将着色剂释放到碗内的周边凝胶基质而使所述碗变色,指示何时汤足够冷却来安全地喝。 After heating of hot food such as soup, broth placed in the bowl, polyester urethane start colorant released into the bowl of the surrounding gel matrix leaving the bowl to change color, indicating when the soup is cool enough to safely drink. 螺旋盘绕聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯释放着色剂的展开可在示例4进行说明。 Spirally wound polyester urethane expands to release the colorant will be described in Example 4. 图4A-4D示出了响应于温度升高的聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯(聚(e-己内酯)二甲基丙烯酸酯)从螺旋结构到临时大致直的结构的热致过渡(Behl等,31^。6]\^111〇^?〇171116^311(13113卩6-Changing Polymers,Advances in Polymer Science,〇1.226,2010,卩卩.1_40)。图4厶描绘了呈螺丝锥状螺旋形状的形状记忆聚合物,当暴露于刺激时,该形状记忆聚合物如图4B所示缓慢地展开。图4C是弯曲管状,描绘了如图4D所示展开而形成直的、固定的管状形状的形状记忆聚合物变形的进一步阶段。 Figures 4A-4D shows the response to the temperature of the polyester urethane (poly (e- caprolactone) dimethacrylate) heat from the helical configuration to a substantially straight configuration of a temporary induced transition (Behl, et 31 ^ .6] \ ^ ^ 111〇? 〇171116 ^ 311 (13113 Jie 6-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science, 〇1.226,2010, Jie Jie .1_40). Figure 4 depicts the Si was tapered screw spiral-shaped shape memory polymer, when exposed to stimuli, the shape memory polymer to expand slowly in FIG. 4B. FIG. 4C is a bent tube, 4D, depicts the formation and expansion of a straight, tubular fixed further stage shape memory polymer shape deformation.

[0052]在聚酯氨基甲酸乙酯中,聚酯切换链段,如聚(e_己内酯)二甲基丙烯酸酯的临时固定,可以引起形状变化;而聚氨酯提供硬链段。 [0052] In the polyester urethane, a polyester switching segment, such as poly (caprolactone to e_) dimethacrylate temporary fixing, can cause changes in shape; and providing a polyurethane hard segment. 低聚(e_己内酯)链段是切换链段。 Oligomerization (e_ caprolactone) segment is switched segment. 转变温度Ttrans是低聚(e-己内酯)链段的熔化温度1"。弹性是由软的、无定形聚(二甲基)结构域提供。第二临时形状由外部应力施加给聚合物,引起聚合物的变形。临时形状保持,直至成型体暴露于适当的刺激,诱导原始形状的恢复。 Ttrans transition temperature is the melting temperature of the oligo (e- caprolactone) segment 1. "Elasticity of a soft, amorphous poly (dimethyl) domain to provide second temporary shape by the external stress is applied to the polymer causing deformation of the polymer. temporary shape maintained until the molded body exposed to the appropriate stimulus, inducing restore the original shape.

[0053] 示例6:热检测包装 [0053] Example 6: Thermal sensing Packaging

[0054] 图5A-5C示出了形状记忆聚合物从临时棒状热致过渡到永久螺丝锥状螺旋(Behl 等,Shape Memory Polymers and Shape-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science,Vol. 226,2010,pp. 1-40)。 [0054] Figures 5A-5C shows a shape memory polymer rod heat caused by the transition from temporary to permanent screw cone spiral (Behl et, Shape Memory Polymers and Shape-Changing Polymers, Advances in Polymer Science, Vol. 226,2010, pp. 1-40). 图5A示出了形状记忆聚合物处于其临时棒状的形状,其在暴露于温度的上升时,如图5B所示,开始向内卷曲,如在图5C中看到的,产生了永久螺丝锥形状。 Figure 5A shows a shape memory polymer is in the shape of its temporary rod, which when exposed to temperature rise, 5B, began to curl inward, as seen in Fig. 5C, resulting in a permanent corkscrew shape. 恢复过程在60C下用了35秒。 In the recovery process at 60 C with 35 seconds. 随着形状记忆聚合物向内卷曲,吸热剂被释放到具有羟丙基甲基纤维素的亲水性基质中,从而冷却包装的内容物。 As the shape memory polymer curl inward, the endothermic agent is released into hydroxypropylmethylcellulose having a hydrophilic matrix, thereby cooling the contents of the package. 形状记忆聚合物的形状变化也可通知接受者遭遇过度储存温度。 Shape change shape memory polymer may also notify the recipient suffered excessive storage temperature.

[0055] 示例6:磁感应包装 [0055] Example 6: magnetic induction Packaging

[0056]图9A-9E示出了由脂肪族聚醚聚氨酯(TFX)和10%重量的磁性纳米颗粒构成的复合物的螺丝锥状螺旋的磁感应开卷(Behl等,Soft Matter,Actively Moving Polymers, 2007,3:58-67) jehl公开了在交变磁场中热诱导形状记忆效应的远程致动在形状记忆热塑性塑料和磁性纳米颗粒的复合物中实现。 [0056] FIG. 9A-9E shows an aliphatic polyether urethane (TFX) and 10% by weight of the magnetic nanoparticles formed composite cone screw spiral magnetic induction unwinding (Behl et, Soft Matter, Actively Moving Polymers, 2007,3: 58-67) jehl discloses an alternating magnetic field induced by the thermal shape memory effect actuated remotely implemented in the shape memory thermoplastics and composites magnetic nano particles. 在Behl中,纳米颗粒在交变磁场中(f = 258kHz, H=30kA m21)的感应加热升高了样本的温度。 In Behl, the nanoparticles in an alternating magnetic field (f = 258kHz, H = 30kA m21) induction heating increases the temperature of the sample. 热塑性材料由任一可生物降解的多段共聚物(PDC),与作为硬链段的聚(对-二恶烷酮)和作为切换链段的聚(e-己内酯)组成,或由来自甲基双(P-环己基异氰酸酯)、丁二醇和四氢呋喃的脂肪族聚醚聚氨酯(TFX)组成。 The thermoplastic material by either a biodegradable multi-block copolymer (PDC), and a poly (p - dioxanone) as a hard segment and poly (e- caprolactone) consisting of switching segments, or from the methylene bis (P- cyclohexyl isocyanate), butanediol and tetrahydrofuran aliphatic polyether urethane (TFX) components. 在二氧化硅基质中的铁(III)氧化物磁芯的磁纳米颗粒被并入在两种聚合物中。 In the silica matrix of iron (III) of magnetic oxide nanoparticles are incorporated in the core two polymers. 虽然TFX具有非晶切换相,但是roc具有可结晶的切换链段。 Although TFX switch having an amorphous phase, but has a switching roc the crystallizable segments. 形状记忆作用可在两个样本中通过暴露于交变磁场而被触发。 The shape memory effect in the two samples by exposure to an alternating magnetic field is triggered. 间接加热样本的R r值相当于环境温度已经升高的样本。 Indirect heating of samples R r value is equivalent to the ambient temperature has risen samples. 随着复合物开卷,放热剂被释放到具有羟丙基甲基纤维素的亲水基质中,从而加热包装的内容物。 With the composite unwinding exothermic agent is released into the hydrophilic matrix of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose having to heat the contents of the package.

[0057] 示例8:带有增强香味的汤包装 [0057] Example 8: package with enhanced flavor soup

[0058] 汤容器包括涂覆在容器内侧的挤出成型的马铃薯淀粉。 [0058] Tang container includes coating the potato starch in the inside of the container extrusion. 随着汤被加热,挤出成型的马铃薯淀粉卷曲并从容器的壁剥离,露出并且释放位于淀粉涂层下方的精油,增强汤的香气。 With the soup is heated, extruded potato starch molding curling and peeled from the walls of the container, exposing and releasing starch coating of oil located below, to enhance the aroma of soup. 图6示出了挤出成型的马铃薯淀粉从螺旋形到平坦形状的形状变化特性(Sjong, Chaunier,L.,Lourdin,S.,The shape memory of starch,Starch/Starke 61(2009)116-118)。 Figure 6 shows an extruded potato starch transmitted from the helical shape to a flat shape change characteristic (Sjong, Chaunier, L., Lourdin, S., The shape memory of starch, Starch / Starke 61 (2009) 116-118 ). 可食的聚合物在初始温度下以螺旋形状开始,并且在温度升高之后经过温度下降的循环而返回其初始温度。 Edible polymer starts at an initial temperature in a spiral shape, and after temperature cycles of temperature-drop returned to its initial temperature. 温度变化导致可食聚合物在循环完成之后从螺旋形状切换成平坦形状。 Temperature changes lead edible polymer to switch from a spiral shape to a flat shape after the cycle is complete. 当经过另一温度变化循环时,可食聚合物从平坦形状切换返回到螺旋形状。 When the temperature changes through another cycle, edible polymer returns from a flat shape to switch to a spiral shape.

[0059] 本公开不限于本文所描述的特定实施例,这些实施例意在各方面的示例。 [0059] The present disclosure is not limited to the particular embodiments described herein, these examples are intended in all respects an example. 在不偏离其精神和范围的情况下能够做出多种改进和变型,这对于本领域技术人员而言是显而易见的。 Without departing from the spirit and scope thereof can make various modifications and variations, which the skilled artisan is obvious. 通过前面的说明,除了本文所列举的那些之外,在本公开的范围内的功能上等同的方法和装置对于本领域技术人员而言将是显而易见的。 Through the foregoing description, in addition to those listed herein, a method and apparatus for functionally within the scope of this disclosure equivalent to those of skill in the art will be apparent. 旨在使这些改进和变型落在所附权利要求书的范围内。 Designed to make such modifications and variations fall within the scope of the appended claims of the book. 本公开仅受所附权利要求书以及这些权利要求所给予权利的等同方案的整个范围所限制。 The present disclosure is limited only by the appended claims, and such claims are given the full range of equivalents of the claimed limits. 应当理解的是,本公开不限于特定的方法、试剂、化合物组成或生物系统, 当然这些会变化。 It should be understood that the present disclosure is not limited to particular methods, reagents, compounds compositions or biological systems, which of course vary. 还应理解的是,本文所使用的术语是仅仅是为了描述特定实施例的目的, 而不意在限制。 It should also be understood that the terminology used herein is solely for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and not intended to be limiting.

[0060] 关于本文中基本上任何复数和/或单数术语的使用,本领域技术人员能够根据上下文和/或应用适当地从复数变换成单数和/或从单数变换成复数。 [0060] About herein substantially any plural and / or singular terms, skilled in the art based on context and / or applications from suitably converted into plural singular and / or transformation from singular to plural. 为了清晰的目的,本文中明确地阐明了各单数/复数的置换。 Purposes of clarity, this article clearly illustrates the various singular / plural permutations.

[0061]本领域技术人员将理解,一般地,本文所使用的术语,尤其是随附权利要求(例如, 随附权利要求的主体)中所使用的术语,通常意在为"开放式"术语(例如,术语"包括"应当解释为"包括但不限于",术语"具有"应解释为"至少具有",术语"包含"应解释为"包含但不限于",等等)。 [0061] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that, in general, terms used herein, especially in the appended claims (for example, the main body of the appended claims) The term used in generally intended as "open" terms (e.g., the term "comprising" should be interpreted as "including but not limited to," the term "having" should be interpreted as "having at least," the term "includes" should be interpreted as "including but not limited to," etc.). 本领域技术人员还理解,如果意图表达引导性权利要求记述项的具体数量, 该意图将明确地记述在权利要求中,并且在不存在这种记述的情况下,不存在这样的意图。 Skilled in the art will also appreciate that if the expression of intent to claim a specific number of introductory description items, which are intended to be clearly described in the claims, and in the absence of this description, there is no such intention. 例如,为辅助理解,下面的随附权利要求可能包含了引导性短语"至少一个"和"一个或多个"的使用以引导权利要求记述项。 For example, to aid in the understanding, the following appended claims may contain requirements for the introductory phrases "at least one" and "one or more" is used to guide the claim described items. 然而,这种短语的使用不应解释为暗指不定冠词"一"或"一个"引导权利要求记述项将包含该所引导的权利要求记述项的任何特定权利要求局限于仅包含一个该记述项的实施例,即使当同一权利要求包括了引导性短语"一个或多个"或"至少一个"以及诸如"一"或"一个"的不定冠词(例如,"一"和/或"一个"应当解释为表示"至少一个"或"一个或多个");这同样适用于对于用于引导权利要求记述项的定冠词的使用。 However, the use of such phrases should not be construed to imply the indefinite article "a" or "an" boot comprising items described in claim rights to the guided require any specific item of rights described requirements contains only a limited description of the example entry, even when the same claim includes the introductory phrases "one or more" or "at least one" as well as "a" or "an" indefinite article (for example, "a" and / or "a "it should be interpreted to mean" at least one "or" one or more "); the same applies to the description of the items of definite articles used to introduce claim for. 另外,即使明确地记述了被引导的权利要求记述项的具体数量,本领域技术人员将理解到这些记述项应当解释为至少表示所记述的数量(例如,没有其它修饰语的裸记述"两个记述项"表示至少两个记述项或两个以上的记述项)。 In addition, even if a clear account of the right to be guided request a specific number of items described, those skilled in the art will appreciate that these terms should be interpreted as describing the account of at least indicate the number (for example, no other modifiers bare described "two described item "means at least two or more of the items described in item description). 此外,在使用类似于"A、B和C等中的至少一个"的惯用法的那些实例中,通常这样的构造旨在表达本领域技术人员理解该惯用法的含义(例如,"具有A、B和C中的至少一个的系统"将包括但不限于仅具有A、仅具有B、仅具有C、具有A和B、具有A和C、具有B和C、和/或具有A、B和C等等的系统)。 In addition, "at least one, etc. A, B and C" in those instances using a similar idiom usually this structure is intended to convey to those skilled in understanding the meaning of the idiom (for example, "having A, B and C at least one system "would include but are not limited to having only a, with only B, only a C, having a and B, having a and C, with a B, and C, and / or with a, B and C system, etc.). 在使用类似于"A、B或C等中的至少一个"的惯用法的那些实例中,通常这样的构造旨在表达本领域技术人员理解该惯用法的含义(例如,"具有A、B或C中的至少一个的系统"将包括但不限于仅具有A、仅具有B、仅具有C、具有A和B、具有A和C、具有B和C、和/或具有A、B和C等等的系统)。 In "at least one, etc. A, B or C" in those instances using a similar idiom usually this structure is intended to convey to those skilled in understanding the meaning of the idiom (for example, "having A, B or C in the system at least one "would include but are not limited to having only a, only a B, having only C, it a and B, with a and C, with B and C, and / or with a, B and C, etc. like systems). 本领域技术人员将进一步理解,呈现两个以上可选项的几乎任何分离词和/或短语,无论是在说明书、权利要求或附图中,都应理解为设想包括一项、任一项或两项的可能性。 Those skilled in the art will further appreciate that render almost any separation of words and / or phrases more than two options, both in the description, claims or drawings, should be understood to include a vision, any one or two the possibility of entry. 例如,术语"A或B"将理解为包括"A"或"B"或"A和B"的可能性。 For example, the term "A or B" will be understood to include the possibility of "A" or "B" or "A and B" is.

[0062]另外,在根据马库什组(Markush group)描述本公开的特征或方案的情况下,本领域技术人员将理解的是本公开也因此以马库什组的任何独立成员或成员的子组来描述。 [0062] Further, in the case of the present disclosure features or programs under Markush group (Markush group) description, one skilled in the art will appreciate that the present disclosure and thus to any individual member or group of members of the Markush subgroups will be described. [0063]本领域技术人员将理解的是,为了任何以及全部的目的,诸如在提供所撰写的说明书方面,本文所公开的全部范围也涵盖了任何和全部的可能的子范围及其子范围的组合。 [0063] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that for any and all purposes, such as in terms of providing the written description, all ranges disclosed herein also covers any and all possible sub-ranges and sub-ranges combination. 能够容易地认识到任何所列范围都充分地描述了同一范围并且使同一范围分解成至少均等的一半、三分之一、四分之一、五分之一、十分之一等等。 Can easily recognize any range set forth are fully described in the same scope and range of the same broken down into at least equal to half, one third, one quarter of one-fifth, one very like. 作为非限制示例,本文所论述的每个范围能够容易地分解成下三分之一、中三分之一和上三分之一,等等。 As a non-limiting example, each range discussed herein can be readily broken down into the lower third, middle third and upper third, and so on. 本领域技术人员还将理解的是,诸如"多达"、"至少"等所有的语言包括所记述的数量并且是指如上文所论述的随后能够分解成子范围的范围。 Those skilled in the art will also appreciate that, such as "up", "at least" and include all of the languages and the number of the account of means as discussed above can be subsequently broken down into subranges ranges. 最后,本领域技术人员将理解的是,范围包括每个独立的成员。 Finally, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the range includes each individual member. 因此,例如,具有1-3个单元的组是指具有1个、2个或3个单元的组。 Thus, for example, a group having 1-3 cells refers to groups having 1, 2 or 3 units. 类似地,具有1-5个单元的组是指具有1个、2个、3个、4个、或5个单元的组,等等。 Similarly, a group having 1-5 cells refers to one, two, three, four, or five units having groups, and the like.

[0064] 通过前面的论述,将理解到本文已经为了示例的目的描述了本公开的各实施例, 并且可以在不偏离本公开的范围和精神的情况下进行各种改进。 [0064] The foregoing discussion will be understood herein has been described for purposes of example embodiments of the present disclosure, and various modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure of the case. 因此,本文所公开的各个实施例不意在限制,真正的范围和精神是通过随附的权利要求表示的。 Accordingly, the various embodiments disclosed herein are not intended to limit the true scope and spirit of the shows by the appended claims.

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Classifications
International ClassificationB29C61/00, B29C61/02, B29C61/04
Cooperative ClassificationB29C61/0608, B65D81/24, B65D2203/12
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