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Publication numberCN103896558 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201410088764
Publication dateJul 2, 2014
Filing dateMar 12, 2014
Priority dateMar 12, 2014
Also published asCN103896558B
Publication number201410088764.0, CN 103896558 A, CN 103896558A, CN 201410088764, CN-A-103896558, CN103896558 A, CN103896558A, CN201410088764, CN201410088764.0
Inventors肖杨, 胡飞, 谢庚
Applicant湖南港鹏实业有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Preparation method of infrared ceramic vacuum cup and product prepared by same
CN 103896558 A
Abstract
The invention relates to a preparation method of an infrared ceramic vacuum cup and a product prepared by the same. A formula of a blank comprises the raw materials in parts by weight: 10-30% of Longyan cleansing mud, 10-30% of Chenzhou mud, 15-30% of Yunnan sand, 15-30% of potassium feldspar, 5-10% of medical stone, 0.5-5% of titanium oxide, 2-10% of zirconium silicate, 0.5-3% of manganese dioxide and 0.2-1% of yttrium oxide. A formula of glaze comprises the raw materials in parts by weight: 20-40% of potassium feldspar, 5-15% of sodium feldspar, 5-15% of kaolin, 20-40% of quartz, 10-30% of calcite, 1-5% of talc, 1-5% of zinc oxide, 1-5% of titanium oxide, 2-5% of manganese dioxide, 5-15% of zirconium silicate, 1-5% of ferric oxide and 0.2-1% of yttrium oxide. The product with a good health care function is obtained by the steps of preparing the blank and the glaze, forming, drying, biscuiting, glazing and firing glaze and has broad application prospect.
Claims(6)  translated from Chinese
1.一种红外陶瓷保温杯的制备方法,采用矿物原料及化工原料,其坯料和釉料配方的重量百分比组成为: 坯料:龙岩洗泥10~30%、郴州泥10~30%、云南砂15~30%、钾长石15~30%、麦饭石5~10%、氧化钛0.5~5%、硅酸锆2~10%、二氧化锰0.5~3%、氧化钇0.2~1% ; 轴料:钟长石20~40%、纳长石5~15%、高岭土5~15%、石英20~40%、方解石10~30%、滑石I~5%、氧化锌I~5%、氧化钛I~5%、二氧化猛2~5%、娃酸错5~15%、氧化铁I~5%、氧化钇0.2~1% ; 经过坯料和釉料制备、成型、干燥、坯体素烧、施釉、干燥、中温釉烧获得制品,其中坯体素烧温度范围为:700~1100C,中温釉烧温度为1280C、烧成时间为8~10h。 1. A method for preparing infrared ceramic mug, the use of mineral raw materials and chemical raw materials, the weight percent of its stock and glaze formulation consisting of: blank: Longyan wash mud 10 to 30 percent, from 10 to 30% of Chenzhou mud, sand Yunnan 15 to 30%, 15 to 30% feldspar, stone 5 to 10%, from 0.5 to 5 percent titanium oxide, zirconium silicate 2-10%, 0.5-3% manganese dioxide, 0.2 to 1% yttrium oxide ; shaft material: bell 20 to 40% of feldspar, sodium feldspar 5-15%, 5-15% kaolin, quartz 20-40%, 10-30% calcite, talcum I ~ 5%, zinc oxide I ~ 5% titania I ~ 5%, 2-5% and shoved dioxide, acid wrong baby from 5 to 15%, iron I ~ 5%, from 0.2 to 1% yttrium oxide; after billet and glaze preparation, molding, drying, blank voxel burning, glazing, drying temperature glaze obtain products, including body unglazed temperature range: 700 ~ 1100 C, the temperature glaze firing temperature of 1280 C, baking time is 8 ~ 10h.
2.根据权利要求1所述的制备方法,其特征在于:所述坯料的制备工艺为:按坯料配方称量原料混合均匀,加入重量百分比为0.1~0.4%的三聚磷酸钠和0.2~0.8%的水玻璃作为稀释剂,然后装入球磨设备内球磨,出磨泥料比重为1.58~1.65g/cm3,再经陈腐制成坯料。 2. The production method according to claim 1, wherein: said blank preparation process is as follows: Formulation blanks by mixing of raw materials, was added 0.1 to 0.4 wt% of the sodium tripolyphosphate and 0.2 to 0.8 % of water glass as a diluent, and then loaded into the milling equipment, ball mill, a pug mill specific gravity of 1.58 ~ 1.65g / cm3, and then the banal into ingots.
3.根据权利要求1所述的制备方法,其特征在于:所述釉料的制备工艺为:按釉料配方称量原料合均匀后,加入重量百分比为0.3~0.8%的羧甲基纤维素和0.2~0.6%的三聚磷酸钠作为添加剂,然后装入球磨设备内球磨,出磨釉料比重为1.55~1.65g/cm30 3. The production method according to claim 1, wherein: said glaze preparation process are as follows: Formulation press glaze raw materials together uniformly, added to the weight percentage of 0.3 to 0.8% of carboxymethyl cellulose and 0.2 to 0.6% of sodium tripolyphosphate as an additive, and then loaded into the milling equipment, ball mill, the mill glaze specific gravity of 1.55 ~ 1.65g / cm30
4.根据权利要求1所述的制备方法,其特征在于:所述氧化锌、氧化铝、滑石使用前需先经过预烧,煅烧温度为1200C。 4. The production method according to claim 1, characterized in that: prior to said zinc oxide, alumina, talc must first use after calcination, the calcination temperature is 1200 C.
5.根据权利要求1所述的制备方法,其特征在于:所述釉料化学成分的质量百分比如下:A1203 6 ~10%、Si02 64 ~68%、K20 0.5 ~5%、Na20 0.2 ~3%、MgO 0.1 ~2%、CaO 0.4 ~15%、ZrO2 0.1 ~8%、ZnO 0.05 ~5%、TiO2 I ~5%、MnO2 2 ~5%、Y2O3 0.2 ~1%。 5. The production method according to claim 1, wherein: the chemical composition of the glaze by mass percentage is as follows: A1203 6 ~ 10%, Si02 64 ~ 68%, K20 0.5 ~ 5%, Na20 0.2 ~ 3% , MgO 0.1 ~ 2%, CaO 0.4 ~ 15%, ZrO2 0.1 ~ 8%, ZnO 0.05 ~ 5%, TiO2 I ~ 5%, MnO2 2 ~ 5%, Y2O3 0.2 ~ 1%.
6.根据权利要求1-5任一所述制备方法制得的红外陶瓷保温杯产品,其特征在于:所述产品的法向全辐射率为0.90~0.95。 According to any one of claims 1-5 obtained by the method described in Preparation infrared ceramic mug product, characterized in that: the product of the normal total radiation rate of 0.90 to 0.95.
Description  translated from Chinese

—种红外陶瓷保温杯的制备方法及其制得的产品 - The method of producing infrared ceramic mug and prepared products

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明属于无机非金属材料(陶瓷)领域,具体涉及一种红外陶瓷保温杯的制备方法及其制得的产品。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the inorganic non-metallic materials (ceramics) field, in particular relates to a method for preparing infrared ceramic mug and prepared products.

背景技术[0002] 远红外线与人体内细胞分子的振动频率接近,会引起人体细胞的原子和分子的共振,通过共鸣吸收分子之间摩擦生热形成热反应,促进皮下深层温度上升,并使微血管扩张,促进和改善血液循环,增强新陈代谢,有利于清除血管囤积物及体内有害物质,提高人体免疫功能,具有良好的人体保健功能。 [0002] Far infrared vibrational frequencies and the human body cell molecule is close, will cause resonance of atoms and molecules in human cells, resonance absorption by molecular friction heat between the formation of thermal reaction, promote skin deep temperature rise, and microvascular expansion, promote and improve blood circulation, increase metabolism, help clear the blood vessels in vivo accumulation of objects and harmful substances, improve immune function, the body has a good health care. 能发射远红外线的物质大多是无机材料,这是由于无机材料内部容易形成缺陷,如在莫来石、堇青石的晶相中掺杂Ti4+、Mg2+、Y3+、Pd3+、Ni2+、Fe3+、Zr4+、Ti4+等离子后,分子振动不对称而发射出远红外线。 Can far-infrared emitting material is mostly inorganic materials, which is due to the internal inorganic material is easily the formation of defects, such as in mullite crystal cordierite phase doping Ti4 +, Mg2 +, Y3 +, Pd3 +, Ni2 +, Fe3 +, Zr4 +, Ti4 + Once ions, molecules emit asymmetric vibration far infrared.

[0003] 在CN102070324A中制备出一种远红外陶瓷球,该陶瓷球可以辐射出远红外线,杀灭水中的大肠杆菌等有害微生物。 [0003] In CN102070324A prepared in a far infrared ceramic balls, ceramic balls can radiate far infrared rays to kill harmful microorganisms such as E. coli in the water. 专利CN1027365C制备出远红外陶瓷粉末,然后再添加到各种器皿、服装中,通过远红外陶瓷粉末来发射远红外线,可以起到保健作用。 Patent CN1027365C prepared far-infrared ceramic powder, and then add all kinds of utensils, clothing, by far infrared ceramic powder to emit far infrared rays, can play a role in health care. ,中国专利CN101849781将托玛琳陶粒球加入到保温杯的隔层中,但托玛琳陶粒球发射远红外功能较弱,对水的活性性能低,但是到目前为止还没有将远红外保健技术应用到陶瓷杯中的报道。 , Chinese patent CN101849781 tourmaline ceramic ball is added to the mug of compartments, but tourmaline ceramic ball far infrared emission function is weak, low water activity performance, but so far no far-infrared Health Technology reported to the ceramic cup.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种对水有活化功能、具有良好保健功能、原料成本低廉、生产工艺简单的红外陶瓷保温杯的制备方法及其制得的产品。 [0004] The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide an activation function for water, with good health care function, low cost of raw materials, production process is simple preparation infrared ceramic mug and prepared products.

[0005] 为解决以上技术问题,本发明的技术方案是:一种红外陶瓷保温杯的制备方法,采用矿物原料及化工原料,其坯料和釉料配方的重量百分比组成为: [0005] In order to solve the above technical problem, the technical aspect of the present invention is: a method for preparing infrared ceramic mug, the use of mineral raw materials and chemical raw materials, its weight percentage of blank and glaze formulation consisting of:

坯料:龙岩洗泥10~30%、郴州泥10~30%、云南砂15~30%、钾长石15~30%、麦饭石5~10%、氧化钛0.5~5%、硅酸锆2~10%、二氧化锰0.5~3%、氧化钇0.2~1% ; Blank: Longyan wash mud 10 to 30 percent, from 10 to 30% of Chenzhou mud, sand Yunnan 15 to 30%, 15 to 30 percent of K-feldspar, stone 5 to 10 percent, from 0.5 to 5% titanium, zirconium silicate 2-10%, 0.5-3% manganese dioxide, 0.2 to 1% yttrium oxide;

轴料:钟长石20~40%、纳长石5~15%、高岭土5~15%、石英20~40%、方解石10~30%、滑石I~5%、氧化锌I~5%、氧化钛I~5%、二氧化猛2~5%、娃酸错5~15%、氧化铁I~5%、氧化钇0.2~1% ; Shaft material: bell feldspar 20-40% sodium feldspar 5-15%, 5-15% kaolin, quartz 20-40%, 10-30% calcite, talcum I ~ 5%, zinc oxide I ~ 5%, titanium I ~ 5%, 2-5% and shoved dioxide, acid wrong baby from 5 to 15%, iron I ~ 5%, from 0.2 to 1% yttrium oxide;

经过坯料和釉料制备、成型、干燥、坯体素烧、施釉、干燥、中温釉烧获得制品,其中坯体素烧温度范围为:700~1100C,中温釉烧温度为1280C、烧成时间为8~10h。 After the blank and glaze preparation, molding, drying, green body unglazed, glazing, drying, glaze firing temperature to obtain products, including body unglazed temperature range: 700 ~ 1100 C, the temperature glaze firing temperature of 1280 C, baking time is 8 ~ 10h.

[0006] 所述坯料的制备工艺为:按坯料配方称量原料混合均匀,加入重量百分比为0.1~0.4%的三聚磷酸钠和0.2~0.8%的水玻璃作为稀释剂,然后装入球磨设备内球磨,出磨泥料比重为1.58~1.65g/cm3,再经陈腐制成还料。 [0006] The preparation process for the blank: Formulation blank material by mixing, adding 0.1 to 0.4 wt% of the sodium tripolyphosphate and 0.2 to 0.8% of water glass as a diluent, then charged with milling equipment inside a ball mill, a pug mill specific gravity of 1.58 ~ 1.65g / cm3, then by banal material made yet.

[0007] 所述釉料的制备工艺为:按釉料配方称量原料合均匀后,加入重量百分比为 [0007] The preparation process for the glaze: glaze Formulation press materials together well, add weight percent

0.3~0.8%的羧甲基纤维素和0.2~0.6%的三聚磷酸钠作为添加剂,然后装入球磨设备内球磨,出磨釉料比重为1.55~1.65g/cm3。 0.3 to 0.8% of carboxymethyl cellulose and 0.2 to 0.6% of sodium tripolyphosphate as an additive, and then loaded into the milling equipment milling, the specific gravity of the grinding glaze 1.55 ~ 1.65g / cm3.

[0008] 所述氧化锌、氧化铝、滑石使用前需先经过预烧,煅烧温度为1200C。 [0008] The zinc oxide, the former alumina, talc use must first pre-firing, firing temperature of 1200 C. [0009] 所述釉料化学成分的质量百分比如下=Al2O3 6~10%、SiO2 64~68%、K2O 0.5~5%、Na2O 0.2 ~3%、MgO 0.1 ~2%、CaO 0.4 ~15%、ZrO2 0.1 ~8%、ZnO 0.05 ~5%、TiO2I ~5%、MnO2 2 ~5%、Y2O3 0.2 ~1%。 [0009] The mass percentage of the chemical composition of the glaze is as follows = Al2O3 6 ~ 10%, SiO2 64 ~ 68%, K2O 0.5 ~ 5%, Na2O 0.2 ~ 3%, MgO 0.1 ~ 2%, CaO 0.4 ~ 15%, ZrO2 0.1 ~ 8%, ZnO 0.05 ~ 5%, TiO2I ~ 5%, MnO2 2 ~ 5%, Y2O3 0.2 ~ 1%.

[0010] 上述制备方法制得的红外陶瓷保温杯产品,其特征在于:所述产品的法向全辐射率为0.90~0.95。 [0010] The method according obtained infrared ceramic mug product, characterized in that: the product of the normal total radiation rate of 0.90 to 0.95.

[0011] 本发明采用天然矿物原料和工业纯原料制备了一种远红外陶瓷保温杯,该红外陶瓷保温杯不仅可以对保温杯中的水进行活化,同时又可以改善人体微循环,增强新陈代谢,提高人体免疫能力,具有良好的保健功能,因此具有广阔的市场前景。 [0011] The present invention uses pure natural mineral raw materials and industrial raw materials for preparing a far-infrared ceramic mug, the infrared ceramic mug not only on the insulation cup of water activation, while you can improve micro-circulation, increase metabolism, improve the body's immunity, with good health care function, so it has broad market prospects.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0012] 实施列一: [0012] The column I:

一种远红外陶瓷保温杯,按质量百分比称取坯料:龙岩洗泥15%,郴州泥17%,云南砂25%,钾长石20%,麦饭石8%,氧化钛5%,硅酸锆8%,二氧化锰1.2%,氧化钇0.8%,在坯体原料中添加0.2%的三聚磷酸钠和0.5%的水玻璃,混合球磨,调整泥浆比重为1.60g/cm3,泥浆陈腐后,注衆成形获得还体,该还体预先经过素烧,素烧温度为1000C ; By a far-infrared ceramic mug, percentage by mass weighed blanks: Longyan Mud 15%, 17% mud Chenzhou, Yunnan, 25% sand, 20% of K-feldspar, stone 8%, 5% titanium dioxide, silicic acid After 8% zirconium, 1.2% manganese dioxide, yttrium oxide 0.8%, 0.2% of sodium tripolyphosphate and 0.5% of sodium silicate, ball milling the mixed raw material in the body, the adjustment of mud weight 1.60g / cm3, mud stale injection molded to obtain further public body, the body also advance through unglazed, unglazed temperature of 1000 C;

按质量百分比称取釉料:钾长石20%,钠长石8%,高岭土5%,石英27.5%,方解石15%,滑石3%,氧化锌1%,氧化钛5%,氧化锰5%,硅酸锆8%,氧化铁1.5%,氧化钇1%,其化学成分的质量百分比为:A1203 8.6%, SiO2 65%, K2O 2.5%、Na2O 1%, MgO 1%, CaO 9%, ZrO2 5%, ZnO 1%、TiO2 2%、MnO2 4%、Y2O3 0.9%,在釉料中添加0.5%的羧甲基纤维素和0.3%的三聚磷酸钠,混合球磨,调整釉料比重为1.58g/cm3,然后在素烧过的陶瓷保温杯内外层上釉、干燥,在1280C烧成,烧成时间为9h。 Weigh glaze mass percentage: 20% potash feldspar, albite 8%, 5% kaolin, quartz 27.5%, 15% calcite, talc 3%, 1% zinc oxide, titanium oxide 5%, 5% manganese oxide , 8% zirconium silicate, 1.5% ferric oxide, yttrium oxide 1%, by mass percentage of its chemical composition is: A1203 8.6%, SiO2 65%, K2O 2.5%, Na2O 1%, MgO 1%, CaO 9%, ZrO2 5%, ZnO 1%, TiO2 2%, MnO2 4%, Y2O3 0.9%, 0.5% in the glaze of carboxymethylcellulose and 0.3% of sodium tripolyphosphate, mixed milling, a specific gravity of 1.58 adjusted glaze g / cm3, and then burnt in a plain inner and outer glazed ceramic mug, drying, firing at 1280 C, sintering time is 9h.

[0013] 将制备好的试样进行远红外发射性能测试,法向全辐射率为0.91。 [0013] The prepared samples were far-infrared emission performance testing, the normal total radiation was 0.91.

[0014] 实施列二: [0014] The column II:

一种远红外陶瓷保温杯,按质量百分比称取坯料:龙岩洗泥13%、郴州泥16%、云南砂23%、钾长石25%、麦饭石10%、氧化钛5%、硅酸锆6%、二氧化锰1.3%、氧化钇0.7%,在坯体原料中添加0.1%的三聚磷酸钠和0.4%的水玻璃。 By a far-infrared ceramic mug, percentage by mass weighed blanks: Longyan Mud 13%, 16% mud Chenzhou, Yunnan, 23% sand, feldspar 25%, stone by 10%, 5% titanium dioxide, silicic acid 6% zirconium, 1.3% manganese dioxide, yttrium oxide 0.7%, 0.1% of sodium tripolyphosphate and 0.4% of sodium silicate in the material body. 混合球磨,调整泥浆比重为1.62g/cm3,泥衆陈腐后,注衆成形获得还体,该还体预先经过素烧,素烧温度为1000C ; Mixing milling, adjust the mud weight is 1.62g / cm3, after all banal mud, injection molding to obtain further public body, the body also advance through unglazed, unglazed temperature of 1000 C;

按质量百分比称取釉料:钾长石35%,钠长石5%,高岭土9%,石英20%,方解石10%,滑石2%,氧化锌3%,氧化钛4%,氧化猛3%,娃酸错7%,氧化铁1.2%,氧化钇0.8%,其化学成分的质量百分比为=Al2O3 7.68%, SiO2 66%、K2O 2.5%、Na2O 1.2%, MgO 0.9%、CaO 6%, ZrO2 5%, ZnO3% ,TiO2 4%, MnO2 3%, Y2O3 0.72%,在釉料中添加0.4%的羧甲基纤维素和0.3%的三聚磷酸钠。 Weigh glaze mass percentage: 35% potash feldspar, albite 5%, 9% kaolin, 20% quartz, 10% calcite, talc, 2%, 3% zinc oxide, titanium oxide 4%, 3% oxide Meng , baby acid wrong 7%, 1.2% ferric oxide, yttrium oxide 0.8%, its chemical composition by mass percentage = Al2O3 7.68%, SiO2 66%, K2O 2.5%, Na2O 1.2%, MgO 0.9%, CaO 6%, ZrO2 5%, ZnO3%, TiO2 4%, MnO2 3%, Y2O3 0.72%, adding 0.4% carboxymethylcellulose and 0.3% of sodium tripolyphosphate in the glaze. 混合球磨,调整釉料比重在1.60g/cm3,然后在素烧过的陶瓷保温杯内外层上釉、干燥,在1280C烧成,烧成时间为8h。 Mixing milling, adjusting the proportion of glaze 1.60g / cm3, and then burnt in prime inner and outer layers of a ceramic mug glazed, dried and calcined at 1280 C, baking time is 8h.

[0015]将制备好的试样进行远红外发射性能测试,法向全辐射率为0.92。 [0015] The prepared samples were far-infrared emission performance testing, the normal total radiation was 0.92.

[0016] 实施列三: [0016] The column three:

一种远红外陶瓷保温杯,按质量百分比称取坯料:龙岩洗泥30%、郴州泥11%、云南砂17%、钾长石28%、麦饭石6%、氧化钛2%、硅酸锆3%、二氧化锰2.3%、氧化钇0.7%,在坯体原料中添加0.2%的三聚磷酸钠和0.7%的水玻璃。 By a far-infrared ceramic mug, percentage by mass weighed blanks: Longyan Mud 30%, 11% mud Chenzhou, Yunnan, 17% sand, 28% of K-feldspar, stone 6%, 2% titanium dioxide, silicic acid 3% zirconium, 2.3% manganese dioxide, yttrium oxide 0.7%, 0.2% of sodium tripolyphosphate and 0.7% of sodium silicate in the material body. 混合球磨,调整泥浆比重为1.64g/cm3,泥浆陈腐后,注衆成形获得还体,该还体预先经过素烧,素烧温度为1000c ;按质量百分比称取釉料:钾长石20%,钠长石5%,高岭土13%,石英20%,方解石15.7%,滑石3%,氧化锌4%,氧化钛2%,氧化锰2%,硅酸锆12%,氧化铁3%,氧化钇0.3%,其化学成分的质量百分比为=Al2O3 9%, SiO2 68%,K2O 2.5%,Na2O 2.2%,MgO 1.9%,CaO 6%,ZrO2 1.68%,ZnO 1% , TiO2 4%, MnO2 3.5%, Y2O3 0.22%,在釉料中添加0.4%的羧甲基纤维素和0.3%的三聚磷酸钠。 Mixing milling, adjust the mud weight is 1.64g / cm3, mud stale after injection molding to obtain further public body, the body also advance through unglazed, unglazed temperature of 1000 c; the percentage by mass weighed glaze: Feldspar 20%, 5% albite, kaolin 13%, 20% quartz, calcite 15.7%, talc 3%, 4% zinc oxide, titanium oxide 2%, 2% manganese oxide, zirconium silicate 12%, 3% iron oxide , 0.3% yttrium oxide, the percentage by mass of the chemical composition = Al2O3 9%, SiO2 68%, K2O 2.5%, Na2O 2.2%, MgO 1.9%, CaO 6%, ZrO2 1.68%, ZnO 1%, TiO2 4%, MnO2 3.5%, Y2O3 0.22%, in the glaze by adding 0.4% and 0.3% carboxymethylcellulose sodium tripolyphosphate. 混合球磨,调整釉料比重在1.64g/cm3,然后在素烧过的陶瓷保温杯内外层上釉、干燥,在1280C烧成,烧成时间为8h。 Mixing milling, adjusting the proportion of glaze 1.64g / cm3, and then burnt in prime inner and outer layers of a ceramic mug glazed, dried and calcined at 1280 C, baking time is 8h.

[0017]将制备好的试样进行远红外发射性能测试,法向全辐射率为0.95。 [0017] The prepared samples were far-infrared emission performance testing, the normal total radiation was 0.95.

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Referenced by
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CN105344021A *Nov 7, 2015Feb 24, 2016德化均能手造陶瓷有限公司Optical wafer for activating blood and dredging collaterals
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International ClassificationC04B33/13, C04B33/34, C04B41/86
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