Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberCN102718471 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201210174415
Publication dateOct 10, 2012
Filing dateMay 31, 2012
Priority dateMay 31, 2012
Also published asCN102718471B
Publication number201210174415.1, CN 102718471 A, CN 102718471A, CN 201210174415, CN-A-102718471, CN102718471 A, CN102718471A, CN201210174415, CN201210174415.1
Inventors苏俊基
Applicant福建省德化县锦福陶瓷有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Green body of red soil ceramic and formula of transmutation glaze of red soil ceramic
CN 102718471 A
Abstract
The invention relates to a green body of red soil ceramic. The green body of the red soil ceramic is prepared from the following raw materials: red soil, quartz, talc, limestone and dolomite; the transmutation glaze of the red soil ceramic is prepared from the following raw materials: potassium feldspar, albite, calcium oxide, barium oxide, kaolin, quartz powder, sodium tripolyphosphate, titaniumoxide, rutile, zinc oxide and a coloring agent. By addition of other mineral raw materials, chemical raw materials and the like, the physical performance and the chemical performance of the green body are changed and the technical problems that the green body glaze of the red soil product is difficult to combine and the product is loose and fragile are solved; the firing temperature of the glaze is reduced from 1,310 DEG C to 1,230 DEG C, so thatthe firing temperature is reduced by 80 DEG C, the using amount of the fuel and the discharge quantity of harmful gas are reduced, environmental protection is contributed and production cost is greatly saved; and by development of the lead-free transmutation glaze, the lead-free transmutation glaze is suitable for being combined with the green body of the red soil ceramic, so that the problem of pollution to the ceramic decorative environment is solved fundamentally.
Claims(6)  translated from Chinese
1.红壤陶坯体,其特征在于,该坯体的制备包括以下原料:红土、石英、滑石、石灰石、白云石。 1. red soil Tao body, characterized in that the preparation of the body include the following materials: Clay, quartz, talc, limestone, dolomite.
2.如权利要求I所述的红壤陶坯体,其特征在于,所述坯体的制备原料包括下述组份:49. 3% 的Si02、26. 3% 的Al203、2. 1% 的Fe203、I. 6% 的K20、I. 9% 的MgO、18. 8% 的CaO。 2. I according to claim Red ceramic body, wherein the body comprises a preparation of starting materials the following components:... 49 Si02,26 3% 3% of Al203,2 1% of Fe203, I. 6% of K20, I. 9% of MgO, 18. 8% of CaO.
3.红壤陶窑变釉,其特征在于,该釉的制备包括以下原料:钾长石35-40份、钠长石22-25份、氧化钙8-15份、氧化钡15-20份、高岭土8_15份、石英粉6_12份、三聚磷酸钠0. 2-0. 4份、氧化钛10-20份、金红石2-10份、氧化锌3-10份。 3. The red soil becomes glazed pottery kiln, wherein the preparation of the glaze includes the following ingredients: 35-40 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 22-25 parts, 8-15 parts of calcium oxide, barium oxide, 15-20 parts of kaolin parts 8_15, 6_12 parts of quartz powder, sodium tripolyphosphate 0. 2-0. 4 parts, 10-20 parts of titanium oxide, rutile 2-10 parts, zinc oxide 3-10 parts.
4.如权利要求3所述的红壤陶窑变釉,其特征在于:该釉的制备原料包括3-25份的着色剂。 The red soil Tao changers enamel according to claim 3, wherein: the preparation of the glaze raw materials, including 3-25 parts of the colorant.
5.如权利要求3所述的红壤陶窑变釉,其特征在于:该釉的烧成温度为1210C〜1250。 5. The red soil becomes glazed pottery kiln according to claim 3, wherein: the glaze firing temperature of 1210 C~1250. . .
6.如权利要求5所述的红壤陶窑变釉,其特征在于:该釉的烧成温度为1230C。 6. Red becomes glazed pottery kiln according to claim 5, characterized in that: the glaze firing temperature was 1230 C.
Description  translated from Chinese

红壤陶的坯体及其窑变釉的配方 The body and its red soil pottery kiln glaze recipes

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及一种陶瓷坯体及其面釉的配方,特别是指一种红壤陶的坯体及其窑变釉的配方。 [0001] The present invention relates to a ceramic body and the surface glaze recipes, in particular it refers to a body of red soil pottery kiln and glaze recipes.

背景技术 Background

[0002] 红土坯体的主要原料红土资源丰富,塑性好且易成型,烧成范围广,可从1000C至1250C,但大多数红土因其膨胀系数的原因不能直接上釉,红土的化学成份主要为52. 78%的SiO2, 33. 57% 的Al2O3,10. 43% 的Fe2O3, 3. 16% 的K20,0. 06% 的Na2O0 仅以红土为制备坯体的原料,其SiO2含量偏低,A1203、Fe2O3含量偏高,不利于硅酸盐化合物的形成;K20、Na2O含量主要影响坯体的素烧温度,含量过高,能使坯体烧成温度降低而不利于方石英的形成,会降低坯体膨胀系数,影响坯釉结合而产生釉裂缺陷,因坯体的矿物组成中有石英、钾长石、莫来石,玻璃相以及气孔等,其中玻璃相少,故坯体多孔。 [0002] The main raw material rich laterite laterite resources blank, plastic, and easy molding, firing wide range from 1000 C to 1250 C, but most of the clay court for reasons not directly glaze expansion coefficient, laterite The chemical composition of 52.78% mainly SiO2, 33. 57% of Al2O3,10. 43% of Fe2O3, 3. 16% of K20,0. 06% of Na2O0 only on clay as raw material for the preparation of body, its SiO2 content is low, A1203, high Fe2O3 content is not conducive to the formation of silicate compound; K20, Na2O content of the unglazed mainly affects body temperature, the content is too high, make the body temperature is reduced to the detriment of the firing party quartz formation, will reduce the body expansion coefficient, and produce enamel defects affect crack glaze combination, because the mineral composition of the body of quartz, feldspar, mullite, glass phase and pores, of which less glass phase, Therefore, the porous body.

[0003] 另外,由于现有的红壤陶的釉料的化学组成差别较大,釉料的膨胀系数较高,且釉料的烧成温度也达到1310C之高,极易产生早期釉裂,所耗费的燃料也较大,生产成本较高;为此,釉料通常以含铅溶液作为溶剂,且在红壤陶坯体上施加弹性较大的铅一硼釉,这可以在一定范围内抵消坯釉热膨胀所造成的有害影响,但这也使产品具有铅溶出量过大的缺点,致使产品不能在日用陶瓷上使用。 [0003] In addition, because the existing chemical composition of red soil pottery glaze vary greatly, a higher coefficient of expansion glaze and glaze firing temperature reached a high of 1310 C, easy to produce early crazing , the cost of fuel is also larger, higher production costs; for this reason, glaze usually lead solution as a solvent, and applying greater flexibility lead a boron glaze on red soil pottery body, which must be in the range glaze offset the harmful effects of thermal expansion, but also makes the product has the disadvantage of lead leaching excessive, resulting in the product not be used in daily-use ceramics.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0004] 本发明提供一种红壤陶的坯体及其窑变釉的配方,以克服现有的红壤陶的坯体存在的不容易上釉、易产生釉裂、坯体多孔,以及红壤陶釉料存在的烧成温度高、极易发生早期釉裂、产品铅溶出量大、不能在日用陶瓷上使用等问题。 [0004] The present invention provides a body and a red soil kiln pottery glaze recipe to overcome the existing body presence of red soil pottery glaze is not easy, easy to produce enamel cracking, porous body, and red soil pottery glazes high firing temperature to be present early enamel crack, a large amount of lead leaching products can not be used in daily ceramics and other problems can easily occur.

[0005] 本发明采用如下技术方案: [0005] The present invention adopts the following technical solution:

红壤陶坯体,该坯体的制备包括以下原料:红土、石英、滑石、石灰石、白云石;更为具体地,该坯体的制备原料包括下述组份:49. 3%的Si02、26. 3%的Al203、2. 1%的Fe203、I. 6%的K2O' I. 9% 的MgO、18. 8% 的CaO0 Red ceramic green body, the green body was prepared comprising the following raw materials: clay, silica, talc, limestone, dolomite; more specifically, the starting material body comprises the following components: 49% of 3 Si02,26. 3 percent Al203,2. 1% of Fe203, I. 6% of K2O 'I. 9% of MgO, 18. 8% of CaO0

[0006] 红壤陶窑变釉,该釉的制备包括以下原料:钾长石35-40份、钠长石22-25份、氧化钙8-15份、氧化钡15-20份、龙岩高岭土8-15份、石英粉6-12份、三聚磷酸钠0. 2-0. 4份、氧化钛10-20份、金红石2-10份、氧化锌3-10份;该釉的制备原料还包括3-25份的着色剂。 [0006] The red soil Tao change glaze, the glaze preparation includes the following ingredients: 35-40 parts of potassium feldspar, albite 22-25 parts, 8-15 parts of calcium oxide, barium oxide, 15-20 parts of kaolin 8- Longyan 15 parts of quartz powder 6-12 parts of sodium tripolyphosphate 0.1 parts 2-0 4, 10-20 parts of titanium oxide, rutile 2-10 parts, zinc oxide 3-10 parts;. Preparation of raw material of the glaze further comprises 3-25 parts of a colorant.

[0007] 该釉的烧成温度为1210C〜1250C ;更具体地,该釉的烧成温度为1230C。 [0007] The glaze firing temperature was 1210 C~1250 C; More specifically, the glaze firing temperature was 1230 C.

[0008] 由上述对本发明的描述可知,和现有技术相比,本发明具有如下优点:通过添加其它矿物质原料和化工原料等,改变了坯体的物理化学性能,解决红土产品坯釉结合难以及产品质地希松易碎的技术难题;釉料的烧成温度由1310C降至1230C,烧成温度降低了80C,减少了烧成能耗,降低了燃料用量及有害体的排放量,既有利于环境保护,也节约了大量的生产成本,也提高了产品的档次和市场占有率;对传统的低温熔块釉配方进行改革,引进新材料,代替氧化铅,研制出无铅窑变釉,使之适合于红壤陶坯体,从根本上解决陶瓷装饰环境污染问题。 [0008] From the above description of the present invention will become apparent, and compared to the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: by adding other mineral raw materials and chemical raw materials, changes in the physical and chemical properties of the green body, to solve laterite products combine glaze difficult and delicate texture of the product Xisong technical problems; glaze firing temperature from 1310 C down to 1230 C, reducing the firing temperature 80 C, reducing the firing energy consumption, reducing fuel use and harmful emissions body, is conducive to environmental protection, but also saves a lot of production costs, improved product quality and market share; the traditional low temperature frit formulation reform, the introduction of new materials, instead of lead oxide, Development unleaded variable glaze, making it suitable for red soil pottery body, ceramic decoration solve environmental problems fundamentally.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0009] 实施方式一 [0009] Embodiment 1

本实施方式为优选实施方式。 This embodiment is a preferred embodiment.

[0010] 红壤陶坯体,该坯体的制备包括以下原料:红土、石英、滑石、石灰石、白云石;更为具体地,该坯体的制备原料包括下述组份:49. 3%的SiO2,26. 3%的Al203、2. 1%的Fe2O3' [0010] Red ceramic green body, the green body was prepared comprising the following raw materials: clay, silica, talc, limestone, dolomite; more specifically, the starting material body comprises the following components: 49 3%. SiO2,26. 3% of Al203,2. 1% of Fe2O3 '

I. 6% 的K2O' I. 9% 的MgO、18. 8% 的CaO。 I. 6% of K2O 'I. 9% of MgO, 18. 8% of CaO. [0011] 红壤陶窑变釉,该釉的制备包括以下原料:钾长石37份、钠长石23份、氧化钙12份、氧化钡18份、龙岩高岭土12份、石英粉9份、三聚磷酸钠0. 3份、氧化钛15份、金红石6份、氧化锌8份、着色剂14份;该釉的烧成温度为1230C。 [0011] becomes red earth kiln glaze, the glaze preparation includes the following ingredients: 37 parts potassium feldspar, albite 23 parts, 12 parts of calcium oxide, barium oxide 18 parts, Longyan kaolin 12 parts, 9 parts of quartz powder, trimers sodium phosphate 0.3 parts, 15 parts of titanium, rutile 6 parts, 8 parts of zinc oxide, 14 parts of the colorant; the glaze firing temperature of 1230 C.

[0012] 实施方式二 [0012] Second Embodiment

红壤陶坯体,该坯体的制备包括以下原料:红土、石英、滑石、石灰石、白云石;更为具体地,该坯体的制备原料包括下述组份:49. 3%的Si02、26. 3%的Al203、2. 1%的Fe203、I. 6%的K2O' I. 9% 的MgO、18. 8% 的CaO0 Red ceramic green body, the green body was prepared comprising the following raw materials: clay, silica, talc, limestone, dolomite; more specifically, the starting material body comprises the following components: 49% of 3 Si02,26. 3 percent Al203,2. 1% of Fe203, I. 6% of K2O 'I. 9% of MgO, 18. 8% of CaO0

[0013] 红壤陶窑变釉,该釉的制备包括以下原料:钾长石35份、钠长石25份、氧化钙8份、氧化钡15份、龙岩高岭土15份、石英粉6份、三聚磷酸钠0. 4份、氧化钛20份、金红石2份、氧化锌10份;该釉的烧成温度为1210C。 [0013] The red soil Tao change glaze, the glaze preparation includes the following ingredients: 35 parts of K-feldspar, albite 25 parts of calcium oxide 8 parts, 15 parts of barium oxide, 15 parts of Longyan kaolin, quartz powder 6 parts, trimers sodium phosphate 0.4 parts, 20 parts of titanium, rutile 2 parts, 10 parts of zinc oxide; the glaze firing temperature of 1210 C.

[0014] 实施方式三 [0014] the third embodiment

红壤陶坯体,该坯体的制备包括以下原料:红土、石英、滑石、石灰石、白云石;更为具体地,该坯体的制备原料包括下述组份:49. 3%的Si02、26. 3%的Al203、2. 1%的Fe203、I. 6%的K2O' I. 9% 的MgO、18. 8% 的CaO0 Red ceramic green body, the green body was prepared comprising the following raw materials: clay, silica, talc, limestone, dolomite; more specifically, the starting material body comprises the following components: 49% of 3 Si02,26. 3 percent Al203,2. 1% of Fe203, I. 6% of K2O 'I. 9% of MgO, 18. 8% of CaO0

[0015] 红壤陶窑变釉,该釉的制备包括以下原料:钾长石40份、钠长石22份、氧化钙15份、氧化钡20份、龙岩高岭土8份、石英粉12份、三聚磷酸钠0. 2份、氧化钛10份、金红石10份、氧化锌3份、着色剂25份;该釉的烧成温度为1250C。 [0015] becomes red earth kiln glaze, the glaze preparation includes the following ingredients: 40 parts of K-feldspar, albite 22 parts, 15 parts of calcium oxide, 20 parts of barium oxide, Longyan kaolin 8 parts, 12 parts of quartz powder, trimers 0.2 parts of sodium phosphate, 10 parts of titanium oxide, rutile 10 parts, 3 parts of zinc oxide, 25 parts of colorant; the glaze firing temperature was 1250 C.

[0016] 实施方式四 [0016] Embodiment four

红壤陶坯体,该坯体的制备包括以下原料:红土、石英、滑石、石灰石、白云石;更为具体地,该坯体的制备原料包括下述组份:49. 3%的Si02、26. 3%的Al203、2. 1%的Fe203、I. 6%的K2O' I. 9% 的MgO、18. 8% 的CaO0 Red ceramic green body, the green body was prepared comprising the following raw materials: clay, silica, talc, limestone, dolomite; more specifically, the starting material body comprises the following components: 49% of 3 Si02,26. 3 percent Al203,2. 1% of Fe203, I. 6% of K2O 'I. 9% of MgO, 18. 8% of CaO0

[0017] 红壤陶窑变釉,该釉的制备包括以下原料:钾长石38份、钠长石24份、氧化钙10份、氧化钡16份、龙岩高岭土13份、石英粉8份、三聚磷酸钠0. 3份、氧化钛12份、金红石4份、氧化锌5份、着色剂14份;该釉的烧成温度为1230C。 [0017] The red soil Tao change glaze, the glaze preparation includes the following ingredients: 38 parts K-feldspar, albite 24 parts, 10 parts of calcium oxide, barium oxide, 16 parts, 13 parts Longyan kaolin, quartz powder, 8 parts, trimers 0.3 parts of sodium phosphate, 12 parts of titanium oxide, rutile 4 parts, 5 parts of zinc oxide, 14 parts of the colorant; the glaze firing temperature of 1230 C.

[0018] 实施方式五 [0018] Embodiment five

红壤陶坯体,该坯体的制备包括以下原料:红土、石英、滑石、石灰石、白云石;更为具体地,该坯体的制备原料包括下述组份:49. 3%的Si02、26. 3%的Al203、2. 1%的Fe203、I. 6%的K2O' I. 9% 的MgO、18. 8% 的CaO0 Red ceramic green body, the green body was prepared comprising the following raw materials: clay, silica, talc, limestone, dolomite; more specifically, the starting material body comprises the following components: 49% of 3 Si02,26. 3 percent Al203,2. 1% of Fe203, I. 6% of K2O 'I. 9% of MgO, 18. 8% of CaO0

[0019] 红壤陶窑变釉,该釉的制备包括以下原料:钾长石36份、钠长石25份、氧化钙13份、氧化钡19份、龙岩高岭土10份、石英粉10份、三聚磷酸钠0. 3份、氧化钛18份、金红石8份、氧化锌9份、着色剂3份;该釉的烧成温度为1230C。 [0019] becomes red earth kiln glaze, the glaze preparation includes the following ingredients: 36 parts of K-feldspar, albite 25 parts, 13 parts of calcium oxide, barium oxide 19 parts, Longyan kaolin 10 parts, 10 parts of quartz powder, trimers 0.3 parts of sodium phosphate, 18 parts of titanium oxide, rutile 8 parts, 9 parts of zinc oxide, 3 parts of a colorant; the glaze firing temperature of 1230 C.

[0020] 上述仅为本发明的具体实施方式,但本发明的设计构思并不局限于此,凡利用此构思对本发明进行非实质性的改动,均应属于侵犯本发明保护范围的行为。 [0020] The above is only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but the design concept of the present invention is not limited to this, where the use of this concept of the present invention is a non-substantive changes, shall be an infringement of the scope of the present invention act.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN101481261A *Feb 5, 2009Jul 15, 2009苏志强Titanium, zinc and pyroxene crystal glaze and preparing method thereof
CN101921136A *Apr 13, 2010Dec 22, 2010张垠Raw material matting glaze
CN102093034A *Dec 10, 2010Jun 15, 2011望城县铜官泥人刘艺术陶瓷厂Ceramic and preparation method thereof
DE3444627A1 *Dec 7, 1984Jun 19, 1986Hans Dipl Ing LiebermannHigh-strength alumina porcelain body for high-tension insulators
KR101021620B1 * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN102976795A *Dec 4, 2012Mar 20, 2013福建省德化县科力陶瓷厂Medium-temperature color glaze formula and sintering process thereof
CN103232221A *Apr 28, 2013Aug 7, 2013福建德化新耀华瓷业有限公司Red pottery and preparation process thereof
CN103396093A *Aug 7, 2013Nov 20, 2013陈永定Red soil earthenware and manufacturing method thereof
CN103396093B *Aug 7, 2013Aug 5, 2015福建省德化永惠尔红壤土陶艺有限公司一种红壤土陶及其制作方法
CN104058789A *Apr 30, 2014Sep 24, 2014福建省嘉顺艺品股份有限公司Starlight enamel glaze material and application technique thereof
CN104058789B *Apr 30, 2014Jan 20, 2016福建省嘉顺艺品股份有限公司一种星光釉釉料及其施釉工艺
CN104058790A *Jun 26, 2014Sep 24, 2014德化恒忆陶瓷艺术股份有限公司Furnace transmutation glaze and application method thereof
CN104058790B *Jun 26, 2014Aug 5, 2015德化恒忆陶瓷艺术股份有限公司一种窑变釉及其使用方法
CN105344021A *Nov 7, 2015Feb 24, 2016德化均能手造陶瓷有限公司Optical wafer for activating blood and dredging collaterals
CN105461228A *Aug 6, 2015Apr 6, 2016惠州市惠阳皇磁陶瓷有限公司Thin plate glaze capable of continuously generating negative ions, and thin plate made therefrom
Classifications
International ClassificationC04B35/14, C04B41/86
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 10, 2012C06Publication
Dec 5, 2012C10Entry into substantive examination
Jun 12, 2013C14Grant of patent or utility model